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Title of the item:

Social participation and depressive symptoms in community-dwelling older adults: Emotional social support as a mediator.

Title :
Social participation and depressive symptoms in community-dwelling older adults: Emotional social support as a mediator.
Authors :
Choi E; Department of Psychology, Korea University College of Liberal Arts, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
Han KM; Department of Psychiatry, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: .
Chang J; Department of Psychiatry, Seoul Metropolitan Eunpyeong Hospital, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
Lee YJ; Department of Psychiatry, Gyeongsang National University School of Medicine, Gyeongsang National University Hospital, Jinju, Republic of Korea.
Choi KW; Department of Psychiatry, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
Han C; Department of Psychiatry, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
Ham BJ; Department of Psychiatry, Korea University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
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Source :
Journal of psychiatric research [J Psychiatr Res] 2021 May; Vol. 137, pp. 589-596. Date of Electronic Publication: 2020 Oct 30.
Publication Type :
Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Language :
English
Imprint Name(s) :
Original Publication: Oxford : Pergamon Press
MeSH Terms :
Depression*/epidemiology
Social Participation*
Aged ; Female ; Humans ; Independent Living ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Retirement ; Social Support
Contributed Indexing :
Keywords: Depression*; Emotional social support*; Late-life depression*; Social participation*
Entry Date(s) :
Date Created: 20201110 Date Completed: 20210520 Latest Revision: 20210520
Update Code :
20210623
DOI :
10.1016/j.jpsychires.2020.10.043
PMID :
33168196
Academic Journal
Previous studies have documented the protective effects of social participation on depression in older adults. In this study, we investigated the association between social participation and depressive symptoms and the associated gender difference in older adults. In addition, we explored the mediating role of emotional social support in the association between social participation and depressive symptoms. We collected data from 4751 community-dwelling adults aged 60 and above from the Korean Retirement and Income Study (KReIS) conducted in 2017 and 2018. The relationship between social participation (participation in different types of activities, frequency of participation, and the number of activities participated) and the risk for depressive symptoms was examined. Older adults who participated in social activity, volunteer work, and donation had decreased risk of depressive symptoms. More frequent and more diverse participation in activities further reduced the risk. Overall, women benefited more from social participation than men. Importantly, emotional social support significantly mediated the relationship between social participation and depressive symptoms. Social participation was associated lower odds for depression in older adults, particularly in older women. Our findings provided one of very few pieces of evidence that documents the mediating role of emotional social support in the relationship between social participation and depression among the elderly.
(Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.)

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