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Title of the item:

Longitudinal Tracking of Vape Shop Compliance With State Business Regulations Within Southern California Ethnic Neighborhoods During the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Title :
Longitudinal Tracking of Vape Shop Compliance With State Business Regulations Within Southern California Ethnic Neighborhoods During the COVID-19 Pandemic.
Authors :
Medel D; Institute for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Research, Department of Preventive Medicine, 12223Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.
Galimov A; Institute for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Research, Department of Preventive Medicine, 12223Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.
Meza L; Institute for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Research, Department of Preventive Medicine, 12223Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.
Steinberg JK; Institute for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Research, Department of Preventive Medicine, 12223Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.
Berg CJ; Department of Prevention and Community Health, 12223Milken Institute School of Public Health, George Washington University, Washington, DC, USA.
Baezconde-Garbanati L; Institute for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Research, Department of Preventive Medicine, 12223Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.
Sussman S; Institute for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Research, Department of Preventive Medicine, 12223Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.; Department of Psychology, 5116University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.; School of Social Work, 5116University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, USA.
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Source :
Evaluation & the health professions [Eval Health Prof] 2021 Mar; Vol. 44 (1), pp. 87-92. Date of Electronic Publication: 2021 Jan 07.
Publication Type :
Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
Language :
English
Imprint Name(s) :
Publication: Newbury Park, Ca : Sage Publications
Original Publication: Baltimore : Empirical Publications.
MeSH Terms :
Government Regulation*
Vaping*
COVID-19/*epidemiology
Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems/*statistics & numerical data
Ethnic Groups/*statistics & numerical data
California/epidemiology ; Humans ; Pandemics ; Residence Characteristics ; SARS-CoV-2
References :
Eval Health Prof. 2019 Mar;42(1):118-124. (PMID: 30477337)
Eval Health Prof. 2020 Jun;43(2):135-137. (PMID: 32383409)
Tob Induc Dis. 2014 Nov 28;12(1):22. (PMID: 25484852)
Am J Public Health. 2011 Apr;101(4):699-706. (PMID: 21330593)
Tob Control. 2020 Jul 1;:. (PMID: 32611747)
Tob Control. 2016 Dec;25(e2):e142-e145. (PMID: 27609780)
Addict Behav. 2020 Jun;105:106345. (PMID: 32062339)
Clin Infect Dis. 2021 Feb 16;72(4):703-706. (PMID: 32562416)
Tob Control. 2020 Oct 19;:. (PMID: 33077506)
Grant Information :
U54 CA180905 United States CA NCI NIH HHS
Contributed Indexing :
Keywords: COVID-19*; California*; compliance*; nonessential businesses*; vape shops*
Entry Date(s) :
Date Created: 20210107 Date Completed: 20210309 Latest Revision: 20210708
Update Code :
20210914
PubMed Central ID :
PMC8259898
DOI :
10.1177/0163278720985584
PMID :
33406901
Academic Journal
The overall aim of this study is to examine vape shop business operations during COVID-19 among a cohort of 88 vape shops in the Greater Los Angeles area in Southern California, located in ethnically diverse communities. A total of six web- and/or phone-based assessments were conducted over a 12-week period (April 1, 2020-June 10, 2020), extending from the mandated closure of nonessential businesses (Stage 1; Assessments 1-3) to the reopening of nonessential sectors (Stage 2; Assessments 4-6), to evaluate business operations (open and closure statuses). The proportion of vape shops found to be noncompliant with the Governor's executive order (i.e., open) during Stage 1 gradually increased from 54 (61.4%) at Assessment 1 (week of April 1, 2020) to 58 (65.9%) at Assessment 3 (week of April 29, 2020). Moreover, vape shops located in Hispanic/Latino and Korean/Asian communities (vs. those in non-Hispanic White and African American communities) were more likely to stay open both during and after the shutdown at Assessments 1 and 6. More specifically, vape shops located in Hispanic/Latino communities were significantly more likely to offer walk-in service during Assessment 1 (during the shutdown), and vape shops in Hispanic/Latino and Korean/Asian were significantly more likely to offer walk-in service during Assessment 6 (after the re-opening). This study demonstrates high rates of noncompliance with shutdown orders among vape shops located in ethnic communities, thus suggesting higher contextual risk factors of COVID-19 exposure among certain ethnic communities.

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