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Tytuł pozycji:

Drinking behavior among government employees in Changsha and its influencing factors.

Tytuł :
Drinking behavior among government employees in Changsha and its influencing factors.
Autorzy :
Hu C; Department of Social Medicine and Health Management, Xiangya School of Public Health, Central South University, Changsha 410078. .
Luo D; Department of Social Medicine and Health Management, Xiangya School of Public Health, Central South University, Changsha 410078. .
Huang Y; Department of Social Medicine and Health Management, Xiangya School of Public Health, Central South University, Changsha 410078.
Chen Z; Health Management Center, Third Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha 410013.
Huang Z; Clinical Research Center, Third Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha 410013, China.
Xiao S; Department of Social Medicine and Health Management, Xiangya School of Public Health, Central South University, Changsha 410078.
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Transliterated Title :
Źródło :
Zhong nan da xue xue bao. Yi xue ban = Journal of Central South University. Medical sciences [Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban] 2021 Mar 28; Vol. 46 (3), pp. 283-292.
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article
Język :
English; Chinese
Imprint Name(s) :
Original Publication: Changsha Shi : "Zhong nan da xue xue bao (yi xue ban)" bian ji bu, 2004-
MeSH Terms :
Government Employees*
Health Behavior*
Adult ; Alcohol Drinking/epidemiology ; Female ; Humans ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Risk Factors ; Smoking
References :
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郑延平, 杨德森. 中国生活事件调查——(一)紧张性生活事件在正常人群中的基本特征[J]. 中国心理卫生杂志, 1990, 4(6): 262- 267, 288.
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Millwood IY, Li L, Smith M, et al. Alcohol consumption in 0.5 million people from 10 diverse regions of China: Prevalence, patterns and socio-demographic and health-related correlates[J]. Int J Epidemiol, 2013, 42(3): 816- 827.
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Abrantes AM, Scalco MD, Donnell SO, et al. Drinking and exercise behaviors among college students: between and within-person associations[J]. J Behav Med, 2017, 40(6): 964- 977.
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Grant Information :
2016YFC0900802 the Key Research and Development Project of Ministry of Science and Technology of China
Contributed Indexing :
Keywords: drinking behavior; government employees; heavy drinking; influencing factors; life events
Local Abstract: [Publisher, Chinese] 目的 : 了解长沙市公职人员饮酒行为及过量饮酒行为的现状,分析公职人员饮酒行为及过量饮酒行为的影响因素,为开展饮酒行为的干预工作,制订促进公职人员健康的相关计划提供依据。 方法 : 以连续入组方式征募在2017年12月到2018年12月间参加长沙市某三级综合医院健康管理中心健康体检的公职人员为研究对象,采用问卷调查研究对象的社会人口特征、饮酒行为及生活事件发生情况等社会心理特征。饮酒定义为调查前1年内平均每周饮酒达1次及以上。比较不同特征人群的饮酒率、过量饮酒率的差异,采用多因素分析研究对象饮酒行为及过量饮酒行为的影响因素。 结果 : 最终纳入6 190名公职人员。长沙市公职人员过去1年饮酒率为21.9%,男性高于女性(44.7% vs 4.0%, P <0.01)。在饮酒人群中,男性和女性的过量饮酒率分别为26.4%和10.1%,有害饮酒率分别为6.0%和2.2%。多因素分析结果显示:吸烟、文化程度高中及以下、应酬频率≥2次/周、已婚和离异/丧偶是男性公职人员饮酒行为的危险因素,年龄为41~60岁、应酬频率≥2次/周、生活事件总刺激量≥8分是女性饮酒行为的危险因素。男性、年龄为41~60岁、吸烟、应酬频率≥2次/周、生活事件总刺激量≥1分是过量饮酒的危险因素。 结论 : 长沙市公职人员的饮酒率较高。婚姻状况、体育锻炼、应酬频率是男性饮酒行为和女性饮酒行为共同的影响因素。生活事件总刺激量是过量饮酒行为的影响因素。.
Entry Date(s) :
Date Created: 20210430 Date Completed: 20210503 Latest Revision: 20210503
Update Code :
Czasopismo naukowe
Objectives: To analyze the prevalence and influencing factors for drinking behavior and heavy drinking among government employees in Changsha and provide a basis for carrying out interventions for drinking behaviors and formulating public health promotion plans for government employees.
Methods: Government employees were recruited consecutively from the Health Management Center of a general hospital in Changsha between December 2017 and December 2018. Information on sociodemograpic characteristics, drinking behaviors, life events, and psychosocial characteristics was collected using a standard set of questionnaire. Drinking behavior was defined as drinking once or more per week for the past 12 months. The differences in drinking rates and excessive drinking rates among groups with different characteristics were compared. Multivariate analysis was performed to analyze the associated factors of drinking behaviors and heavy drinking for government employees.
Results: A total of 6 190 people completed this investigation. The overall drinking rate of government employees in Changsha was 21.9%, and the rate of drinking was higher in males than that in females (44.7% vs 4.0%, P <0.01). Among the participants who drinked, the heavy drinking rates of males and females were 26.4% and 10.1%, respectively, while the harmful drinking rates of males and females were 6.0% and 2.2%, respectively. The results of multivariate logistic regression analysis showed that smoking, below high school education level, frequency of social intercourse ≥ 2 times per week, and having married or the divorced/widowed marital status were associated with alcohol drinking for male governmental employees. While aged 41 to 60 years old, frequency of social intercourse ≥ 2 times per week, life events stimulation ≥8 points were the risk factors for female; male, aged 41 to 60 years old, smoking, frequency of social intercourse≥ 2 times per week, and life events stimulation ≥1 point were the risk factors for heavy drinking.
Conclusions: The drinking and heavy drinking rates of government employees are high in Changsha. Marital status, physical exercise, and frequency of social intercourse are the common influencing factors of male drinking behavior and female drinking behavior. The life events stimulation is the influencing factor of heavy drinking.

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