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Tytuł :
Autorzy :
Петрівна, Гончар Галина
Олегівна, Чорновол Алла
Олександрівна, Шибіріна Світла&
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Temat :
FOREIGN exchange market
COVID-19 pandemic
FOREIGN exchange rates
BANK notes
NATIONAL currencies
DEVALUATION of currency
DOLLAR coins
Alternatywny tytuł :
Źródło :
Scientific Proceedings of Ostroh Academy National University Series, Economics; Mar2021, Vol. 48 Issue 20, p102-111, 10p
Terminy geograficzne :
Abstract (English) :
Introduction. The epidemiological crisis caused by the COVID-19 coronavirus pandemic has severely affected the economy of Ukraine, including currency market. Therefore, in the current situation, its main problem is instability, which leads to a high degree of volatility of the national currency. Purpose and objectives. The purpose of the article is to consider the main trends and features of Ukraine’s foreign exchange market functioning in a pandemic. Achieving this goal determines the solution of the following tasks: to highlight the nature and functions of the foreign exchange market; to analyze the impact of the epidemiological crisis on the indicators of the foreign exchange market in 2020 and compare them with the corresponding indicators in 2019; to single out the consequences of foreign exchange rate fluctuations in 2020; propose measures to overcome them and scenarios for the development of the domestic foreign exchange market after the coronavirus pandemic. Methods. When disclosing the content of the foreign exchange market, a logical method was used; methods of system analysis – to identify structural links between the functions of the foreign exchange market; comparative analysis – allowed to compare phenomena in order to establish similarities or differences between them. Results. The article covers the interpretation of the definition of the foreign exchange market and its subjects. The main trends in the development of the foreign exchange market of Ukraine in a pandemic are identified. The influence of the epidemiological crisis on its indicators is analyzed. It is established that in March 2020 the net sale of currency by the central bank amounted to 2.2 billion dollars. USA, the regulator smoothed fluctuations towards the devaluation of the hryvnia during the introduction of quarantine measures – the volume of net purchases of foreign currency for the year exceeded 1 billion dollars. USA. Due to the unfolding of the epidemiological crisis, the demand for foreign currency, in particular for the US dollar and the euro, has significantly increased. This is due to the fact that citizens view these currencies as a way to protect against possible inflationary fluctuations during the crisis, and therefore show increased demand for foreign currency due to inflation expectations (the balance of cash foreign currency transactions +84.6 million US dollars in equivalent, compared to 2019 -181.5 million US dollars in equivalent). In turn, this increased the devaluation pressure on the hryvnia, and the balance of interventions in December 2020 became negative (-289.2 million US dollars).. Scenarios for the development of the domestic foreign exchange market after the coronavirus pandemic are proposed. Conclusion. Thus, the implementation of the National Bank of Ukraine's monetary policy and ensuring the stability of money circulation in a pandemic should provide for the improvement of the legislative and regulatory framework governing the foreign exchange market; transition to a more flexible system of course formation; formation of the institute of currency market makers; expanding the range of currency risk hedging instruments, as well as reducing the level of dollarization of the domestic market by improving payment instruments and mechanisms. [ABSTRACT FROM AUTHOR]
Czasopismo naukowe
Copyright of Scientific Proceedings of Ostroh Academy National University Series, Economics is the property of National University of Ostroh Academy and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)

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