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Tytuł :
IgG Antibodies, SARS-CoV-2 Load, and Prognostic Indicators in Patients with Severe and Mild COVID-19 in Japan.
Autorzy :
Kashiwagi K; Department of General Medicine and Emergency Care (Infectious Diseases), Toho University Omori Medical Center.
Maeda T; Department of General Medicine and Emergency Care (Infectious Diseases), Toho University Omori Medical Center.
Yoshizawa S; Department of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, Toho University School of Medicine.
Sato T; Department of General Medicine and Emergency Care (Infectious Diseases), Toho University Omori Medical Center.; Department of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, Toho University School of Medicine.
Aoki K; Department of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, Toho University School of Medicine.
Ishii Y; Department of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, Toho University School of Medicine.
Tateda K; Department of Microbiology and Infectious Diseases, Toho University School of Medicine.
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Źródło :
Journal of Nippon Medical School = Nippon Ika Daigaku zasshi [J Nippon Med Sch] 2021 Sep 01; Vol. 88 (4), pp. 380-383. Date of Electronic Publication: 2020 Nov 30.
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article
MeSH Terms :
COVID-19 Nucleic Acid Testing*
COVID-19 Serological Testing*
Viral Load*
Antibodies, Viral/*blood
COVID-19/*diagnosis
Immunoglobulin G/*blood
SARS-CoV-2/*pathogenicity
Adult ; Aged ; Biomarkers/blood ; COVID-19/blood ; COVID-19/drug therapy ; COVID-19/therapy ; COVID-19/virology ; Female ; Hospitalization ; Host-Pathogen Interactions ; Humans ; Japan ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Oxygen Inhalation Therapy ; Predictive Value of Tests ; Prognosis ; SARS-CoV-2/genetics ; SARS-CoV-2/immunology ; Severity of Illness Index ; Time Factors
SCR Protocol :
COVID-19 drug treatment
Czasopismo naukowe
Tytuł :
May viral load detected in saliva in the early stages of infection be a prognostic indicator in COVID-19 patients?
Autorzy :
Aydin S; Malatya Training and Research Hospital, Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Malatya, Turkey. Electronic address: .
Benk IG; Malatya Training and Research Hospital, Department of Clinical Microbiology, Malatya, Turkey. Electronic address: .
Geckil AA; Malatya Training and Research Hospital, Department of Pulmonary Disease, Malatya, Turkey. Electronic address: .
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Źródło :
Journal of virological methods [J Virol Methods] 2021 Aug; Vol. 294, pp. 114198. Date of Electronic Publication: 2021 May 24.
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article
MeSH Terms :
Viral Load*
COVID-19/*diagnosis
COVID-19 Nucleic Acid Testing/*standards
Saliva/*virology
Adult ; COVID-19/physiopathology ; COVID-19 Nucleic Acid Testing/methods ; Female ; Humans ; Male ; Mass Screening ; Middle Aged ; Nasopharynx/virology ; Prognosis ; RNA, Viral/genetics ; Severity of Illness Index ; Time Factors ; Young Adult
Czasopismo naukowe
Tytuł :
Short Communication: HIV Viral Load Trends During the Coronavirus Disease 2019 Pandemic in a Reference Center for HIV in Rome, Italy.
Autorzy :
Latini A; STI/HIV Unit, San Gallicano Dermatological Institute IRCCS, Rome, Italy.
Donà MG; STI/HIV Unit, San Gallicano Dermatological Institute IRCCS, Rome, Italy.
Giuliani M; STI/HIV Unit, San Gallicano Dermatological Institute IRCCS, Rome, Italy.
Pontone M; Microbiology and Virology, San Gallicano Institute, Rome, Italy.
Ancona C; STI/HIV Unit, San Gallicano Dermatological Institute IRCCS, Rome, Italy.
Foracappa S; STI/HIV Unit, San Gallicano Dermatological Institute IRCCS, Rome, Italy.
Morrone A; Scientific Direction, San Gallicano Dermatological Institute IRCCS, Rome, Italy.
Zaccarelli M; Clinical Department, National Institute for the Infectious Diseases Lazzaro Spallanzani IRCCS, Rome, Italy.
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Źródło :
AIDS research and human retroviruses [AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses] 2021 Aug; Vol. 37 (8), pp. 624-626.
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article
MeSH Terms :
Viral Load*
COVID-19/*epidemiology
HIV Infections/*epidemiology
HIV Infections/*virology
Medication Adherence/*statistics & numerical data
COVID-19/prevention & control ; Communicable Disease Control ; Female ; HIV Infections/drug therapy ; Humans ; Male ; Pandemics ; Rome/epidemiology ; SARS-CoV-2
Czasopismo naukowe
Tytuł :
Ct threshold values, a proxy for viral load in community SARS-CoV-2 cases, demonstrate wide variation across populations and over time.
Autorzy :
Walker AS; Nuffield Department of Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom.; The National Institute for Health Research Health Protection Research Unit in Healthcare Associated Infections and Antimicrobial Resistance at the University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom.; The National Institute for Health Research Oxford Biomedical Research Centre, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom.; MRC Clinical Trials Unit at UCL, UCL, London, United Kingdom.
Pritchard E; Nuffield Department of Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom.; The National Institute for Health Research Health Protection Research Unit in Healthcare Associated Infections and Antimicrobial Resistance at the University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom.
House T; Department of Mathematics, University of Manchester, Manchester, United Kingdom.; IBM Research, Hartree Centre, Sci-Tech Daresbury, United Kingdom.
Robotham JV; The National Institute for Health Research Health Protection Research Unit in Healthcare Associated Infections and Antimicrobial Resistance at the University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom.; National Infection Service, Public Health England, London, United Kingdom.
Birrell PJ; National Infection Service, Public Health England, London, United Kingdom.; MRC Biostatistics Unit, University of Cambridge, Cambridge Institute of Public Health, Cambridge, United Kingdom.
Bell I; Office for National Statistics, Newport, United Kingdom.
Bell JI; Office of the Regius Professor of Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom.
Newton JN; Health Improvement Directorate, Public Health England, London, United Kingdom.
Farrar J; Wellcome Trust, London, United Kingdom.
Diamond I; Office for National Statistics, Newport, United Kingdom.
Studley R; Office for National Statistics, Newport, United Kingdom.
Hay J; University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom.; Lighthouse Laboratory in Glasgow, Queen Elizabeth University Hospital, Glasgow, United Kingdom.
Vihta KD; Nuffield Department of Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom.; The National Institute for Health Research Health Protection Research Unit in Healthcare Associated Infections and Antimicrobial Resistance at the University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom.
Peto TE; Nuffield Department of Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom.; The National Institute for Health Research Health Protection Research Unit in Healthcare Associated Infections and Antimicrobial Resistance at the University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom.; The National Institute for Health Research Oxford Biomedical Research Centre, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom.; Department of Infectious Diseases and Microbiology, Oxford University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, United Kingdom.
Stoesser N; Nuffield Department of Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom.; The National Institute for Health Research Health Protection Research Unit in Healthcare Associated Infections and Antimicrobial Resistance at the University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom.; The National Institute for Health Research Oxford Biomedical Research Centre, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom.; Department of Infectious Diseases and Microbiology, Oxford University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, United Kingdom.
Matthews PC; Nuffield Department of Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom.; Department of Infectious Diseases and Microbiology, Oxford University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, John Radcliffe Hospital, Oxford, United Kingdom.
Eyre DW; Nuffield Department of Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom.; The National Institute for Health Research Health Protection Research Unit in Healthcare Associated Infections and Antimicrobial Resistance at the University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom.; Lighthouse Laboratory in Glasgow, Queen Elizabeth University Hospital, Glasgow, United Kingdom.; Big Data Institute, Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom.
Pouwels KB; Nuffield Department of Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom.; The National Institute for Health Research Health Protection Research Unit in Healthcare Associated Infections and Antimicrobial Resistance at the University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom.; Health Economics Research Centre, Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom.
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Corporate Authors :
COVID-19 Infection Survey team
Źródło :
ELife [Elife] 2021 Jul 12; Vol. 10. Date of Electronic Publication: 2021 Jul 12.
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
MeSH Terms :
COVID-19 Testing*
SARS-CoV-2*
Viral Load*
COVID-19/*virology
Humans
Czasopismo naukowe
Tytuł :
Digital PCR assay for the effective detection of COVID-19 patients with SARS-CoV-2 low viral load.
Autorzy :
Sun Y; Anhui Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Hefei, Anhui, 230601, China; Key Laboratory for Medical and Health of the 13th Five-Year Plan, 12560, Fanhua Avenue, Hefei, Anhui, China.
Ding C; First Affiliated Hospital of USTC, Division of Life Sciences and Medicine, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui, 230001, China.
Chen Q; Anhui Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Hefei, Anhui, 230601, China; Key Laboratory for Medical and Health of the 13th Five-Year Plan, 12560, Fanhua Avenue, Hefei, Anhui, China.
Xie J; First Affiliated Hospital of USTC, Division of Life Sciences and Medicine, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui, 230001, China.
Yu J; Anhui Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Hefei, Anhui, 230601, China; Key Laboratory for Medical and Health of the 13th Five-Year Plan, 12560, Fanhua Avenue, Hefei, Anhui, China.
Shi Y; Anhui Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Hefei, Anhui, 230601, China; Key Laboratory for Medical and Health of the 13th Five-Year Plan, 12560, Fanhua Avenue, Hefei, Anhui, China.
Jiang C; First Affiliated Hospital of USTC, Division of Life Sciences and Medicine, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui, 230001, China.
Zhang Z; Anhui Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Hefei, Anhui, 230601, China; Key Laboratory for Medical and Health of the 13th Five-Year Plan, 12560, Fanhua Avenue, Hefei, Anhui, China.
He H; First Affiliated Hospital of USTC, Division of Life Sciences and Medicine, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui, 230001, China.
Ge Y; Anhui Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Hefei, Anhui, 230601, China; Key Laboratory for Medical and Health of the 13th Five-Year Plan, 12560, Fanhua Avenue, Hefei, Anhui, China.
Li W; First Affiliated Hospital of USTC, Division of Life Sciences and Medicine, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui, 230001, China.
He J; Anhui Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Hefei, Anhui, 230601, China; Key Laboratory for Medical and Health of the 13th Five-Year Plan, 12560, Fanhua Avenue, Hefei, Anhui, China. Electronic address: .
Gao Y; First Affiliated Hospital of USTC, Division of Life Sciences and Medicine, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui, 230001, China. Electronic address: .
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Źródło :
Journal of virological methods [J Virol Methods] 2021 Sep; Vol. 295, pp. 114185. Date of Electronic Publication: 2021 May 26.
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
MeSH Terms :
Viral Load*
COVID-19/*diagnosis
COVID-19 Nucleic Acid Testing/*methods
Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction/*methods
SARS-CoV-2/*isolation & purification
COVID-19/virology ; Humans ; RNA, Viral/genetics ; Recurrence ; SARS-CoV-2/genetics ; Sensitivity and Specificity
Czasopismo naukowe
Tytuł :
Viral load dynamics in intubated patients with COVID-19 admitted to the intensive care unit.
Autorzy :
Boef AGC; Department of Medical Microbiology and Infection Prevention, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, the Netherlands. Electronic address: .
van Wezel EM; Department of Medical Microbiology and Infection Prevention, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, the Netherlands.
Gard L; Department of Medical Microbiology and Infection Prevention, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, the Netherlands.
Netkova K; Department of Medical Microbiology and Infection Prevention, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, the Netherlands.
Lokate M; Department of Medical Microbiology and Infection Prevention, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, the Netherlands.
van der Voort PHJ; Department of Critical Care, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, the Netherlands.
Niesters HGM; Department of Medical Microbiology and Infection Prevention, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, the Netherlands.
Van Leer Buter C; Department of Medical Microbiology and Infection Prevention, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, the Netherlands.
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Źródło :
Journal of critical care [J Crit Care] 2021 Aug; Vol. 64, pp. 219-225. Date of Electronic Publication: 2021 Apr 22.
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article
MeSH Terms :
COVID-19 Nucleic Acid Testing*
RNA, Viral*
SARS-CoV-2*
Viral Load*
COVID-19/*diagnosis
COVID-19/*virology
Aged ; Female ; Humans ; Intensive Care Units ; Intubation ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Nasopharynx/virology ; Netherlands/epidemiology ; Sputum/virology ; Survival Analysis
Czasopismo naukowe
Tytuł :
Pretreatment whole blood Epstein-Barr virus DNA predicts prognosis in Hodgkin lymphoma.
Autorzy :
Qin JQ; Department of Hematology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Jiangsu Province Hospital, Nanjing, 210029, China; Key Laboratory of Hematology of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, 210029, China; Collaborative Innovation Center for Cancer Personalized Medicine, Nanjing 210029, China.
Yin H; Department of Hematology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Jiangsu Province Hospital, Nanjing, 210029, China; Key Laboratory of Hematology of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, 210029, China; Collaborative Innovation Center for Cancer Personalized Medicine, Nanjing 210029, China.
Wu JZ; Department of Hematology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Jiangsu Province Hospital, Nanjing, 210029, China; Key Laboratory of Hematology of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, 210029, China; Collaborative Innovation Center for Cancer Personalized Medicine, Nanjing 210029, China.
Chen RZ; Department of Hematology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Jiangsu Province Hospital, Nanjing, 210029, China; Key Laboratory of Hematology of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, 210029, China; Collaborative Innovation Center for Cancer Personalized Medicine, Nanjing 210029, China.
Xia Y; Department of Hematology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Jiangsu Province Hospital, Nanjing, 210029, China; Key Laboratory of Hematology of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, 210029, China; Collaborative Innovation Center for Cancer Personalized Medicine, Nanjing 210029, China.
Wang L; Department of Hematology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Jiangsu Province Hospital, Nanjing, 210029, China; Key Laboratory of Hematology of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, 210029, China; Collaborative Innovation Center for Cancer Personalized Medicine, Nanjing 210029, China.
Zhu HY; Department of Hematology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Jiangsu Province Hospital, Nanjing, 210029, China; Key Laboratory of Hematology of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, 210029, China; Collaborative Innovation Center for Cancer Personalized Medicine, Nanjing 210029, China.
Fan L; Department of Hematology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Jiangsu Province Hospital, Nanjing, 210029, China; Key Laboratory of Hematology of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, 210029, China; Collaborative Innovation Center for Cancer Personalized Medicine, Nanjing 210029, China.
Li JY; Department of Hematology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Jiangsu Province Hospital, Nanjing, 210029, China; Key Laboratory of Hematology of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, 210029, China; Collaborative Innovation Center for Cancer Personalized Medicine, Nanjing 210029, China.
Liang JH; Department of Hematology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Jiangsu Province Hospital, Nanjing, 210029, China; Key Laboratory of Hematology of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, 210029, China; Collaborative Innovation Center for Cancer Personalized Medicine, Nanjing 210029, China. Electronic address: .
Xu W; Department of Hematology, the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Jiangsu Province Hospital, Nanjing, 210029, China; Key Laboratory of Hematology of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, 210029, China; Collaborative Innovation Center for Cancer Personalized Medicine, Nanjing 210029, China. Electronic address: .
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Źródło :
Leukemia research [Leuk Res] 2021 Aug; Vol. 107, pp. 106607. Date of Electronic Publication: 2021 Apr 30.
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
MeSH Terms :
DNA, Viral*
Viral Load*
Epstein-Barr Virus Infections/*complications
Epstein-Barr Virus Infections/*virology
Herpesvirus 4, Human/*genetics
Hodgkin Disease/*blood
Hodgkin Disease/*mortality
Biomarkers ; Hodgkin Disease/etiology ; Hodgkin Disease/therapy ; Humans ; Prognosis
Czasopismo naukowe
Tytuł :
How do vaccinated people spread Delta? What the science says.
Autorzy :
Subbaraman N
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Źródło :
Nature [Nature] 2021 Aug; Vol. 596 (7872), pp. 327-328.
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article
MeSH Terms :
Viral Load*
COVID-19/*immunology
COVID-19/*transmission
COVID-19 Vaccines/*immunology
Carrier State/*transmission
SARS-CoV-2/*pathogenicity
Vaccination/*statistics & numerical data
COVID-19/virology ; Carrier State/immunology ; Carrier State/virology ; Communicable Disease Control ; Hand Disinfection ; Humans ; Masks ; Nose/virology ; SARS-CoV-2/immunology ; Time Factors
SCR Organism :
SARS-CoV-2 variants
Czasopismo naukowe
Tytuł :
Human papillomavirus load and genotype analysis improves the prediction of invasive cervical cancer.
Autorzy :
Hortlund M; Department of Laboratory Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
van Mol T; Laboratory for Cell Biology and Histology, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium.
Van de Pol F; Laboratory for Cell Biology and Histology, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium.
Bogers J; Laboratory for Cell Biology and Histology, University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium.
Dillner J; Department of Laboratory Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
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Źródło :
International journal of cancer [Int J Cancer] 2021 Aug 01; Vol. 149 (3), pp. 684-691. Date of Electronic Publication: 2021 Feb 25.
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
MeSH Terms :
Viral Load*
Early Detection of Cancer/*methods
Papillomaviridae/*isolation & purification
Papillomavirus Infections/*complications
Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/*diagnosis
Adenocarcinoma/diagnosis ; Adenocarcinoma/epidemiology ; Adenocarcinoma/virology ; Adult ; Aged ; Belgium/epidemiology ; Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/diagnosis ; Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/epidemiology ; Carcinoma, Squamous Cell/virology ; Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia/diagnosis ; Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia/epidemiology ; Cervical Intraepithelial Neoplasia/virology ; Female ; Follow-Up Studies ; Genotype ; Humans ; Longitudinal Studies ; Middle Aged ; Papillomavirus Infections/virology ; Prognosis ; Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/epidemiology ; Uterine Cervical Neoplasms/virology ; Young Adult
Czasopismo naukowe
Tytuł :
Prevention and Attenuation of Covid-19 with the BNT162b2 and mRNA-1273 Vaccines.
Autorzy :
Thompson MG; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Burgess JL; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Naleway AL; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Tyner H; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Yoon SK; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Meece J; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Olsho LEW; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Caban-Martinez AJ; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Fowlkes AL; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Lutrick K; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Groom HC; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Dunnigan K; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Odean MJ; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Hegmann K; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Stefanski E; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Edwards LJ; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Schaefer-Solle N; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Grant L; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Ellingson K; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Kuntz JL; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Zunie T; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Thiese MS; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Ivacic L; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Wesley MG; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Mayo Lamberte J; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Sun X; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Smith ME; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Phillips AL; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Groover KD; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Yoo YM; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Gerald J; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Brown RT; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Herring MK; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Joseph G; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Beitel S; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Morrill TC; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Mak J; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Rivers P; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Poe BP; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Lynch B; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Zhou Y; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Zhang J; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Kelleher A; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Li Y; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Dickerson M; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Hanson E; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Guenther K; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Tong S; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Bateman A; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Reisdorf E; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Barnes J; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Azziz-Baumgartner E; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Hunt DR; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Arvay ML; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Kutty P; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Fry AM; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Gaglani M; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
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Źródło :
The New England journal of medicine [N Engl J Med] 2021 Jul 22; Vol. 385 (4), pp. 320-329. Date of Electronic Publication: 2021 Jun 30.
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
MeSH Terms :
COVID-19 Vaccines*/immunology
Viral Load*
COVID-19/*prevention & control
Adolescent ; Adult ; COVID-19/diagnosis ; COVID-19/virology ; COVID-19 Nucleic Acid Testing ; Carrier State/diagnosis ; Carrier State/prevention & control ; Emergency Responders ; Female ; Health Personnel ; Humans ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Patient Acuity ; Prospective Studies ; SARS-CoV-2/isolation & purification ; Treatment Outcome ; Young Adult
Czasopismo naukowe
Tytuł :
Altered oral and gut microbiota and its association with SARS-CoV-2 viral load in COVID-19 patients during hospitalization.
Autorzy :
Wu Y; Center for Infection and Immunity, The Fifth Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Zhuhai, Guangdong, China.; School of public health, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China.; Guangdong Provincial Engineering Research Center of Molecular Imaging, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Biomedical Imaging, and Department of Interventional Medicine, The Fifth Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Zhuhai, Guangdong, China.; Southern Marine Science and Engineering Guangdong Laboratory, Zhuhai, Guangdong, China.; National Clinical Research Center for Infectious Disease, Shenzhen Third People' s Hospital; The Second Affiliated Hospital of Southern University of Science and Technology, Shenzhen, Guangdong, China.
Cheng X; School of public health, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China.
Jiang G; Center for Infection and Immunity, The Fifth Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Zhuhai, Guangdong, China.; Guangdong Provincial Engineering Research Center of Molecular Imaging, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Biomedical Imaging, and Department of Interventional Medicine, The Fifth Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Zhuhai, Guangdong, China.
Tang H; Center for Infection and Immunity, The Fifth Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Zhuhai, Guangdong, China.; Guangdong Provincial Engineering Research Center of Molecular Imaging, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Biomedical Imaging, and Department of Interventional Medicine, The Fifth Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Zhuhai, Guangdong, China.
Ming S; Center for Infection and Immunity, The Fifth Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Zhuhai, Guangdong, China.; Guangdong Provincial Engineering Research Center of Molecular Imaging, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Biomedical Imaging, and Department of Interventional Medicine, The Fifth Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Zhuhai, Guangdong, China.; National Clinical Research Center for Infectious Disease, Shenzhen Third People' s Hospital; The Second Affiliated Hospital of Southern University of Science and Technology, Shenzhen, Guangdong, China.
Tang L; Center for Infection and Immunity, The Fifth Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Zhuhai, Guangdong, China.; Guangdong Provincial Engineering Research Center of Molecular Imaging, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Biomedical Imaging, and Department of Interventional Medicine, The Fifth Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Zhuhai, Guangdong, China.
Lu J; School of public health, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, China. .
Guo C; Center for Infection and Immunity, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA. .
Shan H; Guangdong Provincial Engineering Research Center of Molecular Imaging, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Biomedical Imaging, and Department of Interventional Medicine, The Fifth Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Zhuhai, Guangdong, China. .; Southern Marine Science and Engineering Guangdong Laboratory, Zhuhai, Guangdong, China. .
Huang X; Center for Infection and Immunity, The Fifth Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Zhuhai, Guangdong, China. .; Guangdong Provincial Engineering Research Center of Molecular Imaging, Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Biomedical Imaging, and Department of Interventional Medicine, The Fifth Affiliated Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Zhuhai, Guangdong, China. .; Southern Marine Science and Engineering Guangdong Laboratory, Zhuhai, Guangdong, China. .; National Clinical Research Center for Infectious Disease, Shenzhen Third People' s Hospital; The Second Affiliated Hospital of Southern University of Science and Technology, Shenzhen, Guangdong, China. .
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Źródło :
NPJ biofilms and microbiomes [NPJ Biofilms Microbiomes] 2021 Jul 22; Vol. 7 (1), pp. 61. Date of Electronic Publication: 2021 Jul 22.
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
MeSH Terms :
Viral Load*
COVID-19/*microbiology
Gastrointestinal Microbiome/*physiology
SARS-CoV-2/*isolation & purification
Bacteria/classification ; Bacteria/genetics ; COVID-19/diagnosis ; COVID-19/virology ; Feces/microbiology ; Female ; Hospitalization ; Humans ; Male ; Mouth/microbiology ; RNA, Ribosomal, 16S ; SARS-CoV-2/genetics
Czasopismo naukowe
Tytuł :
Viral mapping in COVID-19 deceased in the Augsburg autopsy series of the first wave: A multiorgan and multimethodological approach.
Autorzy :
Hirschbühl K; Hematology and Oncology, Medical Faculty, University of Augsburg, Augsburg, Germany.
Dintner S; General Pathology and Molecular Diagnostics, Medical Faculty, University of Augsburg, Augsburg, Germany.
Beer M; Institute of Diagnostic Virology, Friedrich-Loeffler-Institute, Federal Research Institute for Animal Health, Greifswald-Insel Riems, Germany.
Wylezich C; Institute of Diagnostic Virology, Friedrich-Loeffler-Institute, Federal Research Institute for Animal Health, Greifswald-Insel Riems, Germany.
Schlegel J; Department of Neuropathology, School of Medicine, Institute of Pathology, Technical University Munich, Munich, Germany.
Delbridge C; Department of Neuropathology, School of Medicine, Institute of Pathology, Technical University Munich, Munich, Germany.
Borcherding L; General Pathology and Molecular Diagnostics, Medical Faculty, University of Augsburg, Augsburg, Germany.
Lippert J; General Pathology and Molecular Diagnostics, Medical Faculty, University of Augsburg, Augsburg, Germany.
Schiele S; Computational Statistics and Data Analysis, Institute of Mathematics, University of Augsburg, Augsburg, Germany.
Müller G; Computational Statistics and Data Analysis, Institute of Mathematics, University of Augsburg, Augsburg, Germany.
Moiraki D; General Pathology and Molecular Diagnostics, Medical Faculty, University of Augsburg, Augsburg, Germany.
Spring O; Anesthesiology and Operative Intensive Care Medicine, Medical Faculty, University of Augsburg, Augsburg, Germany.
Wittmann M; Hematology and Oncology, Medical Faculty, University of Augsburg, Augsburg, Germany.
Kling E; Microbiology, Medical Faculty, University of Augsburg, Augsburg, Germany.
Braun G; Department of Gastroenterology, University Hospital Augsburg, Augsburg, Germany.
Kröncke T; Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology, Medical Faculty, University of Augsburg, Augsburg, Germany.
Claus R; Hematology and Oncology, Medical Faculty, University of Augsburg, Augsburg, Germany.
Märkl B; General Pathology and Molecular Diagnostics, Medical Faculty, University of Augsburg, Augsburg, Germany.
Schaller T; General Pathology and Molecular Diagnostics, Medical Faculty, University of Augsburg, Augsburg, Germany.
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Źródło :
PloS one [PLoS One] 2021 Jul 19; Vol. 16 (7), pp. e0254872. Date of Electronic Publication: 2021 Jul 19 (Print Publication: 2021).
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
MeSH Terms :
Viral Load*
COVID-19/*virology
Central Nervous System/*virology
Lung/*virology
Lymph Nodes/*virology
Aged ; Aged, 80 and over ; Autopsy/statistics & numerical data ; COVID-19/epidemiology ; COVID-19/pathology ; Central Nervous System/pathology ; Female ; Humans ; Lung/pathology ; Lymph Nodes/pathology ; Male ; Middle Aged
Czasopismo naukowe
Tytuł :
Estimating epidemiologic dynamics from cross-sectional viral load distributions.
Autorzy :
Hay JA; Center for Communicable Disease Dynamics, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA. .; Department of Epidemiology, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA.; Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA.
Kennedy-Shaffer L; Center for Communicable Disease Dynamics, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA. .; Department of Epidemiology, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA.; Department of Mathematics and Statistics, Vassar College, Poughkeepsie, NY, USA.
Kanjilal S; Department of Population Medicine, Harvard Pilgrim Health Care Institute, Boston, MA, USA.; Department of Infectious Diseases, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.
Lennon NJ; Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, Cambridge, MA, USA.
Gabriel SB; Broad Institute of MIT and Harvard, Cambridge, MA, USA.
Lipsitch M; Center for Communicable Disease Dynamics, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA.; Department of Epidemiology, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA.; Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA.
Mina MJ; Center for Communicable Disease Dynamics, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA. .; Department of Epidemiology, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA.; Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, MA, USA.; Department of Pathology, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.
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Źródło :
Science (New York, N.Y.) [Science] 2021 Jul 16; Vol. 373 (6552). Date of Electronic Publication: 2021 Jun 03.
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
MeSH Terms :
Viral Load*
COVID-19/*epidemiology
COVID-19/*virology
SARS-CoV-2/*physiology
COVID-19/diagnosis ; COVID-19 Nucleic Acid Testing ; Cross-Sectional Studies ; Epidemiological Monitoring ; Humans ; Incidence ; Models, Theoretical ; Pandemics
Czasopismo naukowe
Tytuł :
COVID-19 viral load not associated with disease severity: findings from a retrospective cohort study.
Autorzy :
Abdulrahman A; National Taskforce for Combating the Coronavirus (COVID-19), Manama, Bahrain.; Mohammed Bin Khalifa Cardiac Centre, Awali, Bahrain.
Mallah SI; Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, Al Sayh, Bahrain.
Alqahtani M; National Taskforce for Combating the Coronavirus (COVID-19), Manama, Bahrain. .; Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland, Al Sayh, Bahrain. .; Bahrain Defence Force Hospital, Riffa, Bahrain. .
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Źródło :
BMC infectious diseases [BMC Infect Dis] 2021 Jul 16; Vol. 21 (1), pp. 688. Date of Electronic Publication: 2021 Jul 16.
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article
MeSH Terms :
COVID-19/*diagnosis
COVID-19/*pathology
SARS-CoV-2/*physiology
Viral Load/*physiology
Adult ; Aged ; Bahrain/epidemiology ; COVID-19/epidemiology ; COVID-19/virology ; Cohort Studies ; Comorbidity ; Cross-Sectional Studies ; Female ; Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data ; Humans ; Lung/pathology ; Lung/virology ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Prognosis ; Retrospective Studies ; Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction ; SARS-CoV-2/genetics ; SARS-CoV-2/isolation & purification ; Serologic Tests ; Severity of Illness Index ; Viral Load/statistics & numerical data
Czasopismo naukowe
Tytuł :
Cycle Thresholds Among Solid Organ Transplant Recipients Testing Positive for SARS-CoV-2.
Autorzy :
Theodore DA; Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Columbia University Irving Medical Center, New York, NY.
Greendyke WG; Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Columbia University Irving Medical Center, New York, NY.
Miko B; Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Columbia University Irving Medical Center, New York, NY.
Whittier S; Department of Pathology and Cell Biology, Columbia University Irving Medical Center, New York, NY.
Green DA; Department of Pathology and Cell Biology, Columbia University Irving Medical Center, New York, NY.
Shoucri S; Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Columbia University Irving Medical Center, New York, NY.
Verna EC; Division of Digestive and Liver Diseases, Center for Liver Disease and Transplantation, Columbia University Irving Medical Center, New York, NY.
Zucker J; Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Columbia University Irving Medical Center, New York, NY.; Department of Pediatrics, Columbia University Irving Medical Center, New York, NY.
Sobieszczyk ME; Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Columbia University Irving Medical Center, New York, NY.
Aaron JG; Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Columbia University Irving Medical Center, New York, NY.
Scully BE; Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Columbia University Irving Medical Center, New York, NY.
Saiman L; Department of Pediatrics, Columbia University Irving Medical Center, New York, NY.; Department of Infection Prevention and Control, NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital, New York, NY.
Pereira M; Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Columbia University Irving Medical Center, New York, NY.
Furuya EY; Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Columbia University Irving Medical Center, New York, NY.; Department of Infection Prevention and Control, NewYork-Presbyterian Hospital, New York, NY.
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Źródło :
Transplantation [Transplantation] 2021 Jul 01; Vol. 105 (7), pp. 1445-1448.
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
MeSH Terms :
COVID-19 Testing*
Organ Transplantation*
Viral Load*
COVID-19/*virology
Postoperative Complications/*virology
Adult ; Aged ; Asymptomatic Infections ; COVID-19/diagnosis ; COVID-19/prevention & control ; COVID-19/transmission ; Female ; Follow-Up Studies ; Humans ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Postoperative Complications/diagnosis ; Postoperative Complications/prevention & control ; Retrospective Studies
Czasopismo naukowe
Tytuł :
Analysis of current SARS-CoV-2 infection in a large population of blood donors evidenced that RNAemia is rare in plasma.
Autorzy :
Chaves DG; Serviço de Pesquisa, Fundação Hemominas, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil.
da Silva Malta MCF; Serviço de Pesquisa, Fundação Hemominas, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil.
de Souza Madeira Ferreira Boy L; Serviço de Pesquisa, Fundação Hemominas, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil.
Miranda Barbosa A; Hemocentro de Belo Horizonte, Fundação Hemominas, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil.
Fonseca CN; Hemocentro de Belo Horizonte, Fundação Hemominas, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil.
Ellen de Lima Torres D; Hemocentro de Belo Horizonte, Fundação Hemominas, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil.
Patterson Nogueira J; Hemocentro de Belo Horizonte, Fundação Hemominas, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil.
Medeiros Moreira H; Serviço de Pesquisa, Fundação Hemominas, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil.
Cristine Martineli Loureiro F; Administração Central, Fundação Hemominas, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil.
Vargas de Freitas Silva J; Administração Central, Fundação Hemominas, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil.
Aparecida Ribeiro M; Administração Central, Fundação Hemominas, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil.
Guimarães Mourão Cioffi J; Administração Central, Fundação Hemominas, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil.
Lobato Martins M; Serviço de Pesquisa, Fundação Hemominas, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, Brazil.
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Źródło :
Transfusion [Transfusion] 2021 Jul; Vol. 61 (7), pp. 2137-2145. Date of Electronic Publication: 2021 Jun 10.
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
MeSH Terms :
Blood Donors*
SARS-CoV-2*/physiology
Viral Load*
COVID-19/*immunology
COVID-19/*virology
Adult ; Brazil/epidemiology ; COVID-19/diagnosis ; COVID-19/epidemiology ; Coinfection/epidemiology ; Female ; Humans ; Male ; Middle Aged ; RNA, Viral ; Seroepidemiologic Studies
Czasopismo naukowe
Tytuł :
Performance of the Abbott ID NOW rapid SARS-CoV-2 amplification assay in relation to nasopharyngeal viral RNA loads.
Autorzy :
Sepulveda JL; Department of Pathology, George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences, United State; Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, George Washington University Hospital, United States.
Abdulbaki R; Department of Pathology, George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences, United State; Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, George Washington University Hospital, United States.
Sands Z; Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, George Washington University Hospital, United States.
Codoy M; Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, George Washington University Hospital, United States.
Mendoza S; Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, George Washington University Hospital, United States.
Isaacson N; Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, George Washington University Hospital, United States.
Kochar O; Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, George Washington University Hospital, United States.
Keiser J; Department of Pathology, George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences, United State; Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, George Washington University Hospital, United States.
Haile-Mariam T; Department of Emergency Medicine, George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences, United States.
Meltzer AC; Department of Emergency Medicine, George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences, United States.
Mores CN; Department of Global Health, George Washington University, Milken Institute School of Public Health, United States.
Sepulveda AR; Department of Pathology, George Washington University School of Medicine and Health Sciences, United State; Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, George Washington University Hospital, United States. Electronic address: .
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Źródło :
Journal of clinical virology : the official publication of the Pan American Society for Clinical Virology [J Clin Virol] 2021 Jul; Vol. 140, pp. 104843. Date of Electronic Publication: 2021 Apr 24.
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article
MeSH Terms :
COVID-19*/diagnosis
COVID-19 Nucleic Acid Testing*
SARS-CoV-2*/isolation & purification
Viral Load*
Clinical Laboratory Techniques ; Humans ; Nasopharynx/virology ; RNA, Viral/isolation & purification ; Sensitivity and Specificity
Czasopismo naukowe
Tytuł :
Saliva viral load better correlates with clinical and immunological profiles in children with coronavirus disease 2019.
Autorzy :
Chua GT; Department of Paediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, People's Republic of China.
Wong JSC; Paediatric Infectious Disease Unit, Department of Paediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Princess Margaret Hospital, Hong Kong SAR, People's Republic of China.
To KKW; Department of Microbiology, Carol Yu Centre for Infection, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, People's Republic of China.
Lam ICS; Paediatric Infectious Disease Unit, Department of Paediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Princess Margaret Hospital, Hong Kong SAR, People's Republic of China.
Yau FYS; Department of Paediatrics, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Hong Kong SAR, People's Republic of China.
Chan WH; Department of Paediatrics, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Hong Kong SAR, People's Republic of China.
Ho PPK; Department of Paediatrics, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Hong Kong SAR, People's Republic of China.
Duque JSR; Department of Paediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, People's Republic of China.
Yip CCY; Department of Microbiology, Carol Yu Centre for Infection, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, People's Republic of China.
Ng ACK; Department of Microbiology, Carol Yu Centre for Infection, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, People's Republic of China.
Wong WHS; Department of Paediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, People's Republic of China.
Kwong JHY; Haematology laboratory, Department of Pathology, Princess Margaret Hospital, Hong Kong SAR, People's Republic of China.
Leung KFS; Haematology laboratory, Department of Pathology, Princess Margaret Hospital, Hong Kong SAR, People's Republic of China.
Wan PT; Haematology laboratory, Department of Pathology, Princess Margaret Hospital, Hong Kong SAR, People's Republic of China.
Lam K; Haematology laboratory, Department of Pathology, Princess Margaret Hospital, Hong Kong SAR, People's Republic of China.
Wong ICK; Centre for Safe Medication Practice and Research, Department of Pharmacology and Pharmacy, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, People's Republic of China.; Research Department of Practice and Policy, UCL School of Pharmacy, University College, London, United Kingdom.
Kwok J; Divison of Transplantation and Immunogenetics, Department of Pathology, Queen Mary Hospital, HKSAR, People's Republic of China.
Ho MHK; Department of Paediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, People's Republic of China.
Chan GCF; Department of Paediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, People's Republic of China.
Lau YL; Department of Paediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, People's Republic of China.
Ip P; Department of Paediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Li Ka Shing Faculty of Medicine, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong SAR, People's Republic of China.
Kwan MYW; Paediatric Infectious Disease Unit, Department of Paediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Princess Margaret Hospital, Hong Kong SAR, People's Republic of China.
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Źródło :
Emerging microbes & infections [Emerg Microbes Infect] 2021 Dec; Vol. 10 (1), pp. 235-241.
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article
MeSH Terms :
Viral Load*
COVID-19/*virology
SARS-CoV-2/*physiology
Saliva/*virology
Adolescent ; COVID-19/blood ; COVID-19/diagnosis ; COVID-19/immunology ; Child ; Child, Preschool ; Female ; Humans ; Lymphocyte Count ; Male ; Nasopharynx/virology ; SARS-CoV-2/genetics
Czasopismo naukowe
Tytuł :
The total number and mass of SARS-CoV-2 virions.
Autorzy :
Sender R; Department of Plant and Environmental Sciences, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 7610001, Israel.
Bar-On YM; Department of Plant and Environmental Sciences, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 7610001, Israel.
Gleizer S; Department of Plant and Environmental Sciences, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 7610001, Israel.
Bernshtein B; Department of Molecular Genetics, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 7610001, Israel.
Flamholz A; Division of Biology and Biological Engineering, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125.
Phillips R; Division of Biology and Biological Engineering, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125.; Department of Physics, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA 91125.; Chan Zuckerberg Biohub, San Francisco, CA 94158.
Milo R; Department of Plant and Environmental Sciences, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot 7610001, Israel; .
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Źródło :
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America [Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A] 2021 Jun 22; Vol. 118 (25).
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
MeSH Terms :
Viral Load*
COVID-19/*virology
SARS-CoV-2/*physiology
Virion/*physiology
Humans ; Serologic Tests
Czasopismo naukowe
Tytuł :
Viral loads, lymphocyte subsets and cytokines in asymptomatic, mildly and critical symptomatic patients with SARS-CoV-2 infection: a retrospective study.
Autorzy :
Yin SW; Shandong Provincial Public Health Clinical Center, Katharine Hsu International Research Institute of Infectious Disease, Shandong University Affiliated Hospital, Jinan, 250013, Shandong, People's Republic of China.
Zhou Z; Shandong Provincial Public Health Clinical Center, Katharine Hsu International Research Institute of Infectious Disease, Shandong University Affiliated Hospital, Jinan, 250013, Shandong, People's Republic of China.
Wang JL; Department of Clinical Laboratory, Shandong Provincial Public Health Clinical Center, Shandong University Affiliated Hospital, Jinan, 250013, Shandong, People's Republic of China.
Deng YF; Department of Clinical Laboratory, Shandong Provincial Public Health Clinical Center, Shandong University Affiliated Hospital, Jinan, 250013, Shandong, People's Republic of China. .
Jing H; Shandong Provincial Public Health Clinical Center, Katharine Hsu International Research Institute of Infectious Disease, Shandong University Affiliated Hospital, Jinan, 250013, Shandong, People's Republic of China.
Qiu Y; Key Laboratory of Birth Regulation and Control Technology of National Health Commission of China, Maternal and Child Health Care Hospital of Shandong Province, 238 East Road of Jingshi, Jinan, 250014, Shandong, People's Republic of China. .
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Źródło :
Virology journal [Virol J] 2021 Jun 12; Vol. 18 (1), pp. 126. Date of Electronic Publication: 2021 Jun 12.
Typ publikacji :
Comparative Study; Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
MeSH Terms :
SARS-CoV-2*/pathogenicity
Viral Load*
COVID-19/*pathology
Cytokines/*blood
Lymphocyte Subsets/*pathology
Adolescent ; Adult ; Age Factors ; Aged ; Aged, 80 and over ; Asymptomatic Infections ; COVID-19/epidemiology ; COVID-19/immunology ; COVID-19/virology ; Critical Illness ; Diabetes Complications/epidemiology ; Female ; Hospitalization ; Humans ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Retrospective Studies ; Young Adult
Czasopismo naukowe

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