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Tytuł :
Serological investigation of asymptomatic cases of SARS-CoV-2 infection reveals weak and declining antibody responses.
Autorzy :
Yang Y; CAS Key Laboratory of Special Pathogens & State Key Laboratory of Virology, Wuhan Institute of Virology, Center for Biosafety Mega-Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, People's Republic of China.; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, People's Republic of China.
Wang X; CAS Key Laboratory of Special Pathogens & State Key Laboratory of Virology, Wuhan Institute of Virology, Center for Biosafety Mega-Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, People's Republic of China.; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, People's Republic of China.
Du RH; Wuhan pulmonary hospital, Wuhan, People's Republic of China.
Zhang W; CAS Key Laboratory of Special Pathogens & State Key Laboratory of Virology, Wuhan Institute of Virology, Center for Biosafety Mega-Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, People's Republic of China.
Si HR; CAS Key Laboratory of Special Pathogens & State Key Laboratory of Virology, Wuhan Institute of Virology, Center for Biosafety Mega-Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, People's Republic of China.; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, People's Republic of China.
Zhu Y; CAS Key Laboratory of Special Pathogens & State Key Laboratory of Virology, Wuhan Institute of Virology, Center for Biosafety Mega-Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, People's Republic of China.
Shen XR; CAS Key Laboratory of Special Pathogens & State Key Laboratory of Virology, Wuhan Institute of Virology, Center for Biosafety Mega-Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, People's Republic of China.; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, People's Republic of China.
Li Q; CAS Key Laboratory of Special Pathogens & State Key Laboratory of Virology, Wuhan Institute of Virology, Center for Biosafety Mega-Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, People's Republic of China.; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, People's Republic of China.
Li B; CAS Key Laboratory of Special Pathogens & State Key Laboratory of Virology, Wuhan Institute of Virology, Center for Biosafety Mega-Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, People's Republic of China.
Men D; CAS Key Laboratory of Special Pathogens & State Key Laboratory of Virology, Wuhan Institute of Virology, Center for Biosafety Mega-Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, People's Republic of China.
Zhou YN; Hubei provincial hospital of TCM, Wuhan, People's Republic of China.
Wang H; Wuhan Municipal Health Commission, Wuchang branch, Wuhan, People's Republic of China.
Tong XL; Department of Endocrinology, Guang'anmen Hospital, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing, 100053, People's Republic of China.
Zhang XE; National Laboratory of Biomacromolecules, CAS Center for Excellence in Biomacromolecules, Institute of Biophysics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, People's Republic of China.
Shi ZL; CAS Key Laboratory of Special Pathogens & State Key Laboratory of Virology, Wuhan Institute of Virology, Center for Biosafety Mega-Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, People's Republic of China.
Zhou P; CAS Key Laboratory of Special Pathogens & State Key Laboratory of Virology, Wuhan Institute of Virology, Center for Biosafety Mega-Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan, People's Republic of China.; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, People's Republic of China.; Joint Laboratory of Infectious Diseases and Health, Wuhan Institute of Virology & Wuhan Jinyintan Hospital, Wuhan, People's Republic of China.
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Źródło :
Emerging microbes & infections [Emerg Microbes Infect] 2021 Dec; Vol. 10 (1), pp. 905-912.
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article
MeSH Terms :
Asymptomatic Infections*
COVID-19 Serological Testing*
Pandemics*
Antibodies, Neutralizing/*blood
Antibodies, Viral/*blood
COVID-19/*immunology
Immunoglobulin G/*blood
Immunoglobulin M/*blood
SARS-CoV-2/*immunology
Antibodies, Neutralizing/biosynthesis ; Antibodies, Viral/biosynthesis ; B-Lymphocytes ; COVID-19/epidemiology ; COVID-19 Nucleic Acid Testing ; China/epidemiology ; Convalescence ; Cytokines/blood ; Disease Susceptibility ; Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay ; Follow-Up Studies ; Food Handling ; Genome, Viral ; Humans ; Immunity, Herd ; Immunoglobulin G/biosynthesis ; Immunoglobulin M/biosynthesis ; Lymphocyte Count ; Lymphopenia/etiology ; Phylogeny ; RNA, Viral/blood ; Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction ; SARS-CoV-2/genetics ; Seroepidemiologic Studies ; Sputum/virology
Czasopismo naukowe
Tytuł :
Efficacy comparison of three rapid antigen tests for SARS-CoV-2 and how viral load impact their performance.
Autorzy :
Blairon L; Laboratory Medicine, Iris Hospitals South, Brussels, Belgium.
Cupaiolo R; Laboratory Medicine, Iris Hospitals South, Brussels, Belgium.
Thomas I; Department of Virology, Sciensano, Brussels, Belgium.
Piteüs S; Laboratory Medicine, Iris Hospitals South, Brussels, Belgium.
Wilmet A; Laboratory Medicine, Iris Hospitals South, Brussels, Belgium.
Beukinga I; Laboratory Medicine, Iris Hospitals South, Brussels, Belgium.
Tré-Hardy M; Laboratory Medicine, Iris Hospitals South, Brussels, Belgium.; Faculty of Medicine, Université libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium.; Department of Pharmacy, Namur Research Institute for Life Sciences, University of Namur, Namur, Belgium.
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Źródło :
Journal of medical virology [J Med Virol] 2021 Oct; Vol. 93 (10), pp. 5783-5788. Date of Electronic Publication: 2021 Jun 04.
Typ publikacji :
Comparative Study; Journal Article
MeSH Terms :
COVID-19 Serological Testing*
Point-of-Care Testing*
Viral Load*
COVID-19/*diagnosis
SARS-CoV-2/*isolation & purification
Antigens, Viral/analysis ; COVID-19/virology ; COVID-19 Nucleic Acid Testing/statistics & numerical data ; Humans ; RNA, Viral/analysis ; RNA, Viral/genetics ; SARS-CoV-2/genetics ; SARS-CoV-2/immunology ; Sensitivity and Specificity
Czasopismo naukowe
Tytuł :
Association of Prior SARS-CoV-2 Infection With Risk of Breakthrough Infection Following mRNA Vaccination in Qatar.
Autorzy :
Abu-Raddad LJ; Infectious Disease Epidemiology Group, Weill Cornell Medicine-Qatar, Cornell University, Doha, Qatar.; World Health Organization Collaborating Centre for Disease Epidemiology Analytics on HIV/AIDS, Sexually Transmitted Infections, and Viral Hepatitis, Weill Cornell Medicine-Qatar, Cornell University, Qatar Foundation-Education City, Doha, Qatar.; Department of Population Health Sciences, Weill Cornell Medicine, Cornell University, New York, New York.; Department of Public Health, College of Health Sciences, Member of QU Health, Qatar University, Doha, Qatar.
Chemaitelly H; Infectious Disease Epidemiology Group, Weill Cornell Medicine-Qatar, Cornell University, Doha, Qatar.; World Health Organization Collaborating Centre for Disease Epidemiology Analytics on HIV/AIDS, Sexually Transmitted Infections, and Viral Hepatitis, Weill Cornell Medicine-Qatar, Cornell University, Qatar Foundation-Education City, Doha, Qatar.
Ayoub HH; Mathematics Program, Department of Mathematics, Statistics, and Physics, College of Arts and Sciences, Qatar University, Doha, Qatar.
Yassine HM; Biomedical Research Center, Member of QU Health, Qatar University, Doha, Qatar.; Department of Biomedical Science, College of Health Sciences, Member of QU Health, Qatar University, Doha, Qatar.
Benslimane FM; Biomedical Research Center, Member of QU Health, Qatar University, Doha, Qatar.; Department of Biomedical Science, College of Health Sciences, Member of QU Health, Qatar University, Doha, Qatar.
Al Khatib HA; Biomedical Research Center, Member of QU Health, Qatar University, Doha, Qatar.; Department of Biomedical Science, College of Health Sciences, Member of QU Health, Qatar University, Doha, Qatar.
Tang P; Department of Pathology, Sidra Medicine, Doha, Qatar.
Hasan MR; Department of Pathology, Sidra Medicine, Doha, Qatar.
Coyle P; Biomedical Research Center, Member of QU Health, Qatar University, Doha, Qatar.; Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar.; Wellcome-Wolfson Institute for Experimental Medicine, Queens University, Belfast, United Kingdom.
Al Kanaani Z; Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar.
Al Kuwari E; Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar.
Jeremijenko A; Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar.
Kaleeckal AH; Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar.
Latif AN; Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar.
Shaik RM; Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar.
Abdul Rahim HF; College of Health Sciences, QU Health, Qatar University, Doha, Qatar.
Nasrallah GK; Biomedical Research Center, Member of QU Health, Qatar University, Doha, Qatar.; Department of Biomedical Science, College of Health Sciences, Member of QU Health, Qatar University, Doha, Qatar.
Al Kuwari MG; Primary Health Care Corporation, Doha, Qatar.
Butt AA; Department of Population Health Sciences, Weill Cornell Medicine, Cornell University, New York, New York.; Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar.
Al Romaihi HE; Ministry of Public Health, Doha, Qatar.
Al-Thani MH; Ministry of Public Health, Doha, Qatar.
Al Khal A; Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar.
Bertollini R; Ministry of Public Health, Doha, Qatar.
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Źródło :
JAMA [JAMA] 2021 Nov 16; Vol. 326 (19), pp. 1930-1939.
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article
MeSH Terms :
COVID-19 Vaccines*
COVID-19/*complications
Adult ; Aged ; COVID-19/diagnosis ; COVID-19/prevention & control ; COVID-19 Nucleic Acid Testing ; Cohort Studies ; Female ; Humans ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Qatar
SCR Disease Name :
COVID-19 breakthrough infections
Czasopismo naukowe
Tytuł :
Cross-reactivity of antibodies from non-hospitalized COVID-19 positive individuals against the native, B.1.351, B.1.617.2, and P.1 SARS-CoV-2 spike proteins.
Autorzy :
Hojjat Jodaylami M; Department of Chemistry, Québec Centre for Advanced Materials (QCAM), Regroupement Québécois sur les Matériaux de Pointe (RQMP), and Centre Interdisciplinaire de Recherche sur le Cerveau et l'apprentissage (CIRCA), Université de Montréal, CP 6128 Succ. Centre-Ville, Montréal, QC, H3C 3J7, Canada.
Djaïleb A; Department of Chemistry, Department of Biochemistry and PROTEO, The Québec Network for Research On Protein Function, Engineering and Applications, Université de Montréal, CP 6128 Succ. Centre-Ville, Montréal, QC, H3C 3J7, Canada.
Ricard P; Department of Chemistry, Québec Centre for Advanced Materials (QCAM), Regroupement Québécois sur les Matériaux de Pointe (RQMP), and Centre Interdisciplinaire de Recherche sur le Cerveau et l'apprentissage (CIRCA), Université de Montréal, CP 6128 Succ. Centre-Ville, Montréal, QC, H3C 3J7, Canada.
Lavallée É; Department of Chemistry, Department of Biochemistry and PROTEO, The Québec Network for Research On Protein Function, Engineering and Applications, Université de Montréal, CP 6128 Succ. Centre-Ville, Montréal, QC, H3C 3J7, Canada.
Cellier-Goetghebeur S; Department of Chemistry, Department of Biochemistry and PROTEO, The Québec Network for Research On Protein Function, Engineering and Applications, Université de Montréal, CP 6128 Succ. Centre-Ville, Montréal, QC, H3C 3J7, Canada.
Parker MF; Department of Chemistry, Department of Biochemistry and PROTEO, The Québec Network for Research On Protein Function, Engineering and Applications, Université de Montréal, CP 6128 Succ. Centre-Ville, Montréal, QC, H3C 3J7, Canada.
Coutu J; Department of Chemistry, Québec Centre for Advanced Materials (QCAM), Regroupement Québécois sur les Matériaux de Pointe (RQMP), and Centre Interdisciplinaire de Recherche sur le Cerveau et l'apprentissage (CIRCA), Université de Montréal, CP 6128 Succ. Centre-Ville, Montréal, QC, H3C 3J7, Canada.
Stuible M; Mammalian Cell Expression, Human Health Therapeutics Research Centre, National Research Council Canada, Montréal, QC, Canada.
Gervais C; Mammalian Cell Expression, Human Health Therapeutics Research Centre, National Research Council Canada, Montréal, QC, Canada.
Durocher Y; Mammalian Cell Expression, Human Health Therapeutics Research Centre, National Research Council Canada, Montréal, QC, Canada.
Desautels F; Héma-Québec, Affaires médicales et innovation, 1070, avenue des Sciences-de-la-Vie, Québec, QC, G1V 5C3, Canada.
Cayer MP; Héma-Québec, Affaires médicales et innovation, 1070, avenue des Sciences-de-la-Vie, Québec, QC, G1V 5C3, Canada.
de Grandmont MJ; Héma-Québec, Affaires médicales et innovation, 1070, avenue des Sciences-de-la-Vie, Québec, QC, G1V 5C3, Canada.
Rochette S; Héma-Québec, Affaires médicales et innovation, 1070, avenue des Sciences-de-la-Vie, Québec, QC, G1V 5C3, Canada.
Brouard D; Héma-Québec, Affaires médicales et innovation, 1070, avenue des Sciences-de-la-Vie, Québec, QC, G1V 5C3, Canada.
Trottier S; Centre de recherche du Centre hospitalier universitaire de Québec and Département de microbiologie-infectiologie et d'immunologie, Université Laval, 2705, boulevard Laurier, Québec, QC, G1V 4G2, Canada.
Boudreau D; Department of Chemistry and Centre for Optics, Photonics and Lasers (COPL), Université Laval, 1045, av. de la Médecine, Québec, QC, G1V 0A6, Canada.
Pelletier JN; Department of Chemistry, Department of Biochemistry and PROTEO, The Québec Network for Research On Protein Function, Engineering and Applications, Université de Montréal, CP 6128 Succ. Centre-Ville, Montréal, QC, H3C 3J7, Canada. .
Masson JF; Department of Chemistry, Québec Centre for Advanced Materials (QCAM), Regroupement Québécois sur les Matériaux de Pointe (RQMP), and Centre Interdisciplinaire de Recherche sur le Cerveau et l'apprentissage (CIRCA), Université de Montréal, CP 6128 Succ. Centre-Ville, Montréal, QC, H3C 3J7, Canada. .
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Źródło :
Scientific reports [Sci Rep] 2021 Nov 08; Vol. 11 (1), pp. 21601. Date of Electronic Publication: 2021 Nov 08.
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
MeSH Terms :
COVID-19 Vaccines*
Spike Glycoprotein, Coronavirus*
Antibodies, Viral/*chemistry
COVID-19/*blood
COVID-19/*immunology
Adolescent ; Adult ; Aged ; Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme 2/chemistry ; Antibodies, Neutralizing/immunology ; Area Under Curve ; COVID-19 Nucleic Acid Testing ; Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay ; Humans ; Immunoglobulin G ; Kinetics ; Middle Aged ; Polymerase Chain Reaction ; Protein Binding ; SARS-CoV-2 ; Vaccination ; Young Adult
Czasopismo naukowe
Tytuł :
Estimated US Infection- and Vaccine-Induced SARS-CoV-2 Seroprevalence Based on Blood Donations, July 2020-May 2021.
Autorzy :
Jones JM; COVID-19 Response Team, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.
Stone M; Vitalant Research Institute, San Francisco, California.
Sulaeman H; Vitalant Research Institute, San Francisco, California.
Fink RV; Westat, Rockville, Maryland.
Dave H; Vitalant Research Institute, San Francisco, California.
Levy ME; Westat, Rockville, Maryland.
Di Germanio C; Vitalant Research Institute, San Francisco, California.
Green V; Creative Testing Solutions, Temple, Arizona.
Notari E; Scientific Affairs, American Red Cross, Rockville, Maryland.
Saa P; Scientific Affairs, American Red Cross, Gaithersburg, Maryland.
Biggerstaff BJ; COVID-19 Response Team, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.
Strauss D; New York Blood Center, New York.
Kessler D; New York Blood Center, New York.
Vassallo R; Vitalant Research Institute, San Francisco, California.
Reik R; OneBlood, St Petersburg, Florida.
Rossmann S; Gulf Coast Regional Blood Center, Houston, Texas.
Destree M; Bloodworks Northwest, Seattle, Washington.
Nguyen KA; Blood Bank of Hawaii, Honolulu.
Sayers M; Carter BloodCare, Bedford, Texas.
Lough C; LifeSouth Community Blood Centers, Gainesville, Florida.
Bougie DW; Versiti, Milwaukee, Wisconsin.
Ritter M; Blood Bank of Alaska, Anchorage.
Latoni G; Banco de Sangre de Servicios Mutuos, San Juan, Puerto Rico.
Weales B; The Blood Center, New Orleans, Louisiana.
Sime S; LifeServe, Des Moines, Iowa.
Gorlin J; Innovative Blood Resources, St Paul, Minnesota.
Brown NE; COVID-19 Response Team, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.
Gould CV; COVID-19 Response Team, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.
Berney K; COVID-19 Response Team, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.
Benoit TJ; COVID-19 Response Team, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.
Miller MJ; COVID-19 Response Team, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.
Freeman D; Georgia Tech Research Institute, Atlanta.
Kartik D; Georgia Tech Research Institute, Atlanta.
Fry AM; COVID-19 Response Team, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.
Azziz-Baumgartner E; COVID-19 Response Team, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.
Hall AJ; COVID-19 Response Team, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.
MacNeil A; COVID-19 Response Team, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.
Gundlapalli AV; COVID-19 Response Team, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.
Basavaraju SV; COVID-19 Response Team, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.
Gerber SI; COVID-19 Response Team, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.
Patton ME; COVID-19 Response Team, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.
Custer B; Vitalant Research Institute, San Francisco, California.
Williamson P; Creative Testing Solutions, Temple, Arizona.
Simmons G; Vitalant Research Institute, San Francisco, California.
Thornburg NJ; COVID-19 Response Team, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia.
Kleinman S; University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada.
Stramer SL; Scientific Affairs, American Red Cross, Gaithersburg, Maryland.
Opsomer J; Westat, Rockville, Maryland.
Busch MP; Vitalant Research Institute, San Francisco, California.
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Źródło :
JAMA [JAMA] 2021 Oct 12; Vol. 326 (14), pp. 1400-1409.
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
MeSH Terms :
Blood Donors*
COVID-19 Vaccines*
Antibodies, Viral/*blood
COVID-19/*epidemiology
SARS-CoV-2/*immunology
Adolescent ; Adult ; Age Factors ; Aged ; COVID-19/ethnology ; COVID-19 Serological Testing ; Cross-Sectional Studies ; Female ; Humans ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Prevalence ; Seroepidemiologic Studies ; United States/epidemiology ; Young Adult
Czasopismo naukowe
Tytuł :
Test, trace, isolate: evidence for declining SARS-CoV-2 PCR sensitivity in a clinical cohort.
Autorzy :
Bergmans BJM; Laboratory of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, Elisabeth-TweeSteden Hospital, Tilburg, The Netherlands.
Reusken CBEM; Centre for Infectious Disease Control, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), Bilthoven, The Netherlands.
van Oudheusden AJG; Laboratory of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, Elisabeth-TweeSteden Hospital, Tilburg, The Netherlands.
Godeke GJ; Centre for Infectious Disease Control, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), Bilthoven, The Netherlands.
Bonačić Marinović AA; Centre for Infectious Disease Control, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), Bilthoven, The Netherlands.
de Vries E; Laboratory of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, Elisabeth-TweeSteden Hospital, Tilburg, The Netherlands; Tranzo, Tilburg School of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Tilburg University, Tilburg, The Netherlands.
Kluiters-de Hingh YCM; Laboratory of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, Elisabeth-TweeSteden Hospital, Tilburg, The Netherlands.
Vingerhoets R; Laboratory of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, Elisabeth-TweeSteden Hospital, Tilburg, The Netherlands.
Berrevoets MAH; Laboratory of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, Elisabeth-TweeSteden Hospital, Tilburg, The Netherlands.
Verweij JJ; Laboratory of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, Elisabeth-TweeSteden Hospital, Tilburg, The Netherlands.
Nieman AE; Laboratory of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, Elisabeth-TweeSteden Hospital, Tilburg, The Netherlands.
Reimerink J; Centre for Infectious Disease Control, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), Bilthoven, The Netherlands.
Murk JL; Laboratory of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, Elisabeth-TweeSteden Hospital, Tilburg, The Netherlands.
Swart A; Centre for Infectious Disease Control, National Institute for Public Health and the Environment (RIVM), Bilthoven, The Netherlands. Electronic address: .
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Źródło :
Diagnostic microbiology and infectious disease [Diagn Microbiol Infect Dis] 2021 Oct; Vol. 101 (2), pp. 115392. Date of Electronic Publication: 2021 Apr 21.
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article
MeSH Terms :
COVID-19 Nucleic Acid Testing*
COVID-19/*diagnosis
SARS-CoV-2/*isolation & purification
Aged ; Aged, 80 and over ; Bayes Theorem ; COVID-19/prevention & control ; COVID-19/transmission ; COVID-19 Serological Testing ; Contact Tracing ; False Negative Reactions ; Female ; Humans ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Netherlands/epidemiology ; Quarantine ; Retrospective Studies ; SARS-CoV-2/genetics ; SARS-CoV-2/immunology ; Sensitivity and Specificity ; Severity of Illness Index
Czasopismo naukowe
Tytuł :
Characteristics of US Blood Donors Testing Reactive for Antibodies to SARS-CoV-2 Prior to the Availability of Authorized Vaccines.
Autorzy :
Dodd RY; American Red Cross, Scientific Affairs, Gaithersburg, MD, USA.
Spencer BR; American Red Cross, Scientific Affairs, Gaithersburg, MD, USA.
Xu M; American Red Cross, Scientific Affairs, Gaithersburg, MD, USA.
Foster GA; American Red Cross, Scientific Affairs, Gaithersburg, MD, USA.
Saá P; American Red Cross, Scientific Affairs, Gaithersburg, MD, USA.
Brodsky JP; Quality Analytics Inc is at Deerfield, IL, USA.
Stramer SL; American Red Cross, Scientific Affairs, Gaithersburg, MD, USA. Electronic address: .
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Źródło :
Transfusion medicine reviews [Transfus Med Rev] 2021 Jul; Vol. 35 (3), pp. 1-7. Date of Electronic Publication: 2021 Jul 30.
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article; Observational Study; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
MeSH Terms :
Blood Donors*
COVID-19 Serological Testing*
Antibodies, Viral/*blood
COVID-19/*diagnosis
COVID-19/*epidemiology
SARS-CoV-2/*immunology
Adolescent ; Adult ; Aged ; Asymptomatic Infections ; Biomarkers/blood ; COVID-19/blood ; COVID-19/therapy ; COVID-19 Vaccines ; Female ; Humans ; Immunization, Passive ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Seroepidemiologic Studies ; United States/epidemiology ; Young Adult
SCR Protocol :
COVID-19 serotherapy
Czasopismo naukowe
Tytuł :
Prevention of the spread of SARS COV-2 by Rapid Antigenic Tests on the passengers entering an Italian seaport.
Autorzy :
Savini S; PhD. Organisational Post at ASL Roma 4, Rome, Italy.
Monaco D; PhD Student, Department of Biomedicine and Prevention, Tor Vergata University of Rome, Italy.
Turci C; MSN. Director of the Nursing Department, ASL Roma 4, Rome Italy.
Ursino S; MD. Director of the Department of Prevention, Health Measures Office, ASL Roma 4, Rome Italy.
Matera C; MD. Medical Director, ASL Roma 4, Rome, Italy.
Marchini R; MSN. Organisational Post at ASL Roma 4, Rome, Italy.
Di Giovanni T; MSN. Organisational Post at ASL Roma 4, Rome, Italy.
Ciambella E; PT. Organisational Post at ASL Roma 4, Rome, Italy.
Iannucci V; MD. Department of Prevention, Health Measures Office, ASL Roma 4, Rome, Italy.
Quintavalle G; MD. General Director of ASL Roma 4, Rome, Italy.
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Źródło :
Annali di igiene : medicina preventiva e di comunita [Ann Ig] 2021 Sep-Oct; Vol. 33 (5), pp. 518-520.
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article; Observational Study
MeSH Terms :
COVID-19 Testing*
Travel*
Antigens, Viral/*blood
COVID-19/*prevention & control
Mass Screening/*organization & administration
SARS-CoV-2/*isolation & purification
Adult ; COVID-19/diagnosis ; COVID-19 Nucleic Acid Testing ; Contact Tracing ; Female ; Health Personnel ; Humans ; Italy ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Nasopharynx/virology ; Retrospective Studies ; SARS-CoV-2/immunology ; Ships ; Socioeconomic Factors ; Travel-Related Illness
Czasopismo naukowe
Tytuł :
Biochemical composition, transmission and diagnosis of SARS-CoV-2.
Autorzy :
Ahirwar R; Department of Environmental Biochemistry, ICMR-National Institute for Research in Environmental Health, Bhopal 462030, India.
Gandhi S; Diagnostic Laboratory, DBT-National Institute of Animal Biotechnology, Hyderabad 500032, India.
Komal K; School of Biosciences, Apeejay Stya University, Gurugram 122103, India.
Dhaniya G; Division of Endocrinology, CSIR-Central Drug Research Institute, Lucknow 226031, India.
Tripathi PP; Cell Biology and Physiology Division, CSIR-Indian Institute of Chemical Biology, Kolkata 700032, India.; Cell Biology and Physiology Division, IICB-Translational Research Unit of Excellence, Kolkata 700091, India.
Shingatgeri VM; School of Biosciences, Apeejay Stya University, Gurugram 122103, India.
Kumar K; Department of Chemistry, Motilal Nehru College, University of Delhi, South Campus, New Delhi 110021, India.
Sharma JG; Department of Biotechnology, Delhi Technological University, Delhi 110042, India.
Kumar S; School of Biosciences, Apeejay Stya University, Gurugram 122103, India.
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Źródło :
Bioscience reports [Biosci Rep] 2021 Aug 27; Vol. 41 (8).
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Review
MeSH Terms :
COVID-19 Testing*
COVID-19/*diagnosis
SARS-CoV-2/*pathogenicity
COVID-19/therapy ; COVID-19/transmission ; COVID-19/virology ; COVID-19 Nucleic Acid Testing ; COVID-19 Serological Testing ; Host-Pathogen Interactions ; Humans ; Predictive Value of Tests ; Prognosis ; SARS-CoV-2/genetics ; SARS-CoV-2/immunology
Czasopismo naukowe
Tytuł :
Microsampling: A role to play in Covid-19 diagnosis, surveillance, treatment and clinical trials.
Autorzy :
Rajadhyaksha M; SPPSPTM, SVKM's Narsee Monjee Institute of Management Studies, Mumbai, India.; Sitec Labs. Ltd., Navi Mumbai, India.
Londhe V; SPPSPTM, SVKM's Narsee Monjee Institute of Management Studies, Mumbai, India.
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Źródło :
Drug testing and analysis [Drug Test Anal] 2021 Jul; Vol. 13 (7), pp. 1238-1248. Date of Electronic Publication: 2021 Jun 15.
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article; Review
MeSH Terms :
COVID-19 Testing*
Specimen Handling*
COVID-19/*diagnosis
Antiviral Agents/therapeutic use ; COVID-19/drug therapy ; COVID-19 Vaccines/therapeutic use ; Clinical Trials as Topic ; Drug Monitoring ; Humans ; Population Surveillance ; Predictive Value of Tests
SCR Protocol :
COVID-19 drug treatment
Czasopismo naukowe
Tytuł :
Nationwide seroprevalence of antibodies against SARS-CoV-2 in Israel.
Autorzy :
Reicher S; Public Health Services, Ministry of Health, 39 Yirmiyahu Street, Jerusalem, Israel. .
Ratzon R; Public Health Services, Ministry of Health, 39 Yirmiyahu Street, Jerusalem, Israel.
Ben-Sahar S; Schneider Children's Medical Center, Clalit Research Institute, Petach Tikva, Israel.; Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.
Hermoni-Alon S; Maccabi Healthcare Group, 27 Hamered, Tel Aviv, Israel.
Mossinson D; Meuhedet Health Services, 124 Ibn Gvirol Street, Tel Aviv, Israel.
Shenhar Y; Leumit Health Services, 3 Ariel Sharon Street, Or Yehuda, Israel.
Friger M; Faculty of Health Sciences, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Be'er Sheva, Israel.
Lustig Y; Central Virology Laboratory, Ministry of Health and Sheba Medical Center, Tel-Hashomer, Israel.
Alroy-Preis S; Public Health Services, Ministry of Health, 39 Yirmiyahu Street, Jerusalem, Israel.
Anis E; Public Health Services, Ministry of Health, 39 Yirmiyahu Street, Jerusalem, Israel.
Sadetzki S; Sackler Faculty of Medicine, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel.; Gertner Institute, Tel-Hashomer, Israel.
Kaliner E; Public Health Services, Ministry of Health, 39 Yirmiyahu Street, Jerusalem, Israel.
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Źródło :
European journal of epidemiology [Eur J Epidemiol] 2021 Jul; Vol. 36 (7), pp. 727-734. Date of Electronic Publication: 2021 Apr 21.
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article
MeSH Terms :
COVID-19 Serological Testing*/methods
Antibodies, Viral/*blood
COVID-19/*epidemiology
SARS-CoV-2/*immunology
Adolescent ; Adult ; Aged ; Aged, 80 and over ; Biomarkers/blood ; COVID-19/diagnosis ; COVID-19/virology ; COVID-19 Nucleic Acid Testing ; Child ; Child, Preschool ; Female ; Humans ; Incidence ; Infant ; Infant, Newborn ; Israel/epidemiology ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Prevalence ; Seroepidemiologic Studies ; Young Adult
Czasopismo naukowe
Tytuł :
Resurgence of SARS-CoV-2 Infection in a Highly Vaccinated Health System Workforce.
Autorzy :
Keehner J; UC San Diego Health, San Diego, CA.
Horton LE; UC San Diego Health, San Diego, CA.
Binkin NJ; UC San Diego, La Jolla, CA.
Laurent LC; UC San Diego Health, San Diego, CA .
Pride D; UC San Diego Health, San Diego, CA .
Longhurst CA; UC San Diego Health, San Diego, CA .
Abeles SR; UC San Diego Health, San Diego, CA .
Torriani FJ; UC San Diego Health, San Diego, CA .
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Źródło :
The New England journal of medicine [N Engl J Med] 2021 Sep 30; Vol. 385 (14), pp. 1330-1332. Date of Electronic Publication: 2021 Sep 01.
Typ publikacji :
Letter; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.
MeSH Terms :
COVID-19 Vaccines*
Health Workforce*
Masks*
COVID-19/*epidemiology
Infection Control/*methods
COVID-19/diagnosis ; COVID-19 Testing ; California/epidemiology ; Humans ; Occupational Health ; SARS-CoV-2 ; Universities ; Vaccination/statistics & numerical data
Raport
Tytuł :
Breakthrough SARS-CoV-2 Infections in Prison after Vaccination.
Autorzy :
Brinkley-Rubinstein L; University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC .
Peterson M; University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC .
Martin R; Brown University, Providence, RI.
Chan P; Miriam Hospital, Providence, RI.
Berk J; Warren Alpert Medical School at Brown University, Providence, RI.
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Źródło :
The New England journal of medicine [N Engl J Med] 2021 Sep 09; Vol. 385 (11), pp. 1051-1052. Date of Electronic Publication: 2021 Jul 07.
Typ publikacji :
Letter
MeSH Terms :
COVID-19 Vaccines*
Prisons*
COVID-19/*epidemiology
COVID-19/diagnosis ; COVID-19/prevention & control ; COVID-19 Nucleic Acid Testing ; Humans ; Prisoners/statistics & numerical data ; Rhode Island/epidemiology ; Vaccination
Opinia redakcyjna
Tytuł :
Diagnostic performance and clinical implications of rapid SARS-CoV-2 antigen testing in Mexico using real-world nationwide COVID-19 registry data.
Autorzy :
Bello-Chavolla OY; División de Investigación, Instituto Nacional de Geriatría, Mexico City, Mexico.
Antonio-Villa NE; MD/PhD (PECEM), Faculty of Medicine, National Autonomous University of Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico.
Fernández-Chirino L; Faculty of Chemistry, National Autonomous University of Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico.
Guerra EC; MD/PhD (PECEM), Faculty of Medicine, National Autonomous University of Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico.
Fermín-Martínez CA; MD/PhD (PECEM), Faculty of Medicine, National Autonomous University of Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico.
Márquez-Salinas A; MD/PhD (PECEM), Faculty of Medicine, National Autonomous University of Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico.
Vargas-Vázquez A; MD/PhD (PECEM), Faculty of Medicine, National Autonomous University of Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico.
Bahena-López JP; MD/PhD (PECEM), Faculty of Medicine, National Autonomous University of Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico.
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Źródło :
PloS one [PLoS One] 2021 Aug 31; Vol. 16 (8), pp. e0256447. Date of Electronic Publication: 2021 Aug 31 (Print Publication: 2021).
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
MeSH Terms :
COVID-19 Serological Testing*
Antigens, Viral/*analysis
COVID-19/*diagnosis
SARS-CoV-2/*metabolism
Adult ; Area Under Curve ; COVID-19/epidemiology ; COVID-19/virology ; COVID-19 Nucleic Acid Testing ; Female ; Hospitalization/statistics & numerical data ; Humans ; Male ; Mexico/epidemiology ; Middle Aged ; Proportional Hazards Models ; RNA, Viral/analysis ; RNA, Viral/metabolism ; ROC Curve ; Registries ; Retrospective Studies ; SARS-CoV-2/isolation & purification ; Sensitivity and Specificity ; Young Adult
Czasopismo naukowe
Tytuł :
Effect of Vaccination on Household Transmission of SARS-CoV-2 in England.
Autorzy :
Harris RJ; Public Health England, London, United Kingdom .
Hall JA; University College London Institute for Women's Health, London, United Kingdom.
Zaidi A; Public Health England, London, United Kingdom.
Andrews NJ; Public Health England, London, United Kingdom.
Dunbar JK; Public Health England, London, United Kingdom.
Dabrera G; Public Health England, London, United Kingdom.
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Źródło :
The New England journal of medicine [N Engl J Med] 2021 Aug 19; Vol. 385 (8), pp. 759-760. Date of Electronic Publication: 2021 Jun 23.
Typ publikacji :
Letter
MeSH Terms :
COVID-19 Vaccines*
Family Health*
Vaccination*
COVID-19/*transmission
COVID-19/diagnosis ; COVID-19/epidemiology ; COVID-19/prevention & control ; COVID-19 Testing ; England/epidemiology ; Female ; Humans ; Logistic Models ; Male ; Risk
SCR Disease Name :
COVID-19 breakthrough infections
Opinia redakcyjna
Tytuł :
Prevention and Attenuation of Covid-19 with the BNT162b2 and mRNA-1273 Vaccines.
Autorzy :
Thompson MG; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Burgess JL; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Naleway AL; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Tyner H; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Yoon SK; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Meece J; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Olsho LEW; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Caban-Martinez AJ; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Fowlkes AL; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Lutrick K; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Groom HC; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Dunnigan K; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Odean MJ; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Hegmann K; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Stefanski E; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Edwards LJ; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Schaefer-Solle N; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Grant L; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Ellingson K; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Kuntz JL; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Zunie T; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Thiese MS; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Ivacic L; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Wesley MG; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Mayo Lamberte J; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Sun X; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Smith ME; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Phillips AL; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Groover KD; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Yoo YM; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Gerald J; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Brown RT; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Herring MK; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Joseph G; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Beitel S; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Morrill TC; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Mak J; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Rivers P; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Poe BP; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Lynch B; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Zhou Y; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Zhang J; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Kelleher A; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Li Y; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Dickerson M; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Hanson E; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Guenther K; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Tong S; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Bateman A; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Reisdorf E; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Barnes J; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Azziz-Baumgartner E; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Hunt DR; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Arvay ML; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Kutty P; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Fry AM; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
Gaglani M; From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention COVID-19 Response Team, Atlanta (M.G.T., A.L.F., L.G., J.M.L., Y.M.Y., G.J., J. Mak, B.L., Y.Z., J.Z., A.K., Y.L., M.D., S.T., J.B., E.A.-B., M.L.A., P.K., A.M.F.); the Mel and Enid Zuckerman College of Public Health, University of Arizona, Tucson (J.L.B., K.L., K.E., X.S., J.G., S.B., P.R.); Kaiser Permanente Northwest Center for Health Research, Portland, OR (A.L.N., H.C.G., J.L.K.); the Whiteside Institute for Clinical Research (M.J.O.), St. Luke's Regional Health Care System (H.T., M.J.O.), Duluth, MN; University of Utah, Salt Lake City (S.K.Y., K.H., M.S.T., A.L.P., R.T.B.); the Marshfield Clinic Research Institute, Marshfield (J. Meece, E.S., L.I.), and the Wisconsin State Laboratory of Hygiene, Madison (E.H., K.G., A.B., E.R.) - both in Wisconsin; Abt Associates, Rockville, MD (L.E.W.O., L.J.E., M.G.W., K.D.G., M.K.H., T.C.M., B.P.P., D.R.H.); the Leonard M. Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami (A.J.C.-M., N.S.-S.); and Baylor Scott and White Health, Dallas (K.D., T.Z., M.E.S., M.G.), and Texas A&M University College of Medicine, Bryan (M.G.) - both in Texas.
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Źródło :
The New England journal of medicine [N Engl J Med] 2021 Jul 22; Vol. 385 (4), pp. 320-329. Date of Electronic Publication: 2021 Jun 30.
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
MeSH Terms :
COVID-19 Vaccines*/immunology
Viral Load*
COVID-19/*prevention & control
Adolescent ; Adult ; COVID-19/diagnosis ; COVID-19/virology ; COVID-19 Nucleic Acid Testing ; Carrier State/diagnosis ; Carrier State/prevention & control ; Emergency Responders ; Female ; Health Personnel ; Humans ; Male ; Middle Aged ; Patient Acuity ; Prospective Studies ; SARS-CoV-2/isolation & purification ; Treatment Outcome ; Young Adult
Czasopismo naukowe
Tytuł :
SARS-CoV-2 antibody detection in skilled nursing facility residents.
Autorzy :
White EM; Department of Health Services, Policy, and Practice, Brown University School of Public Health, Providence, Rhode Island, USA.
Saade EA; Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases and HIV Medicine, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.; Louis Stokes Veterans Administration Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.
Yang X; Department of Health Services, Policy, and Practice, Brown University School of Public Health, Providence, Rhode Island, USA.
Canaday DH; Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases and HIV Medicine, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.; Louis Stokes Veterans Administration Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.
Blackman C; Genesis HealthCare, Kennett Square, Pennsylvania, USA.
Santostefano CM; Department of Health Services, Policy, and Practice, Brown University School of Public Health, Providence, Rhode Island, USA.
Nanda A; Division of Geriatrics and Palliative Medicine, Brown University Alpert Medical School, Providence, Rhode Island, USA.
Feifer RA; Genesis HealthCare, Kennett Square, Pennsylvania, USA.
Mor V; Department of Health Services, Policy, and Practice, Brown University School of Public Health, Providence, Rhode Island, USA.; Providence Veterans Administration Medical Center Research Service, Providence, Rhode Island, USA.
Rudolph JL; Department of Health Services, Policy, and Practice, Brown University School of Public Health, Providence, Rhode Island, USA.; Providence Veterans Administration Medical Center Research Service, Providence, Rhode Island, USA.
Gravenstein S; Department of Health Services, Policy, and Practice, Brown University School of Public Health, Providence, Rhode Island, USA.; Division of Geriatrics and Palliative Medicine, Brown University Alpert Medical School, Providence, Rhode Island, USA.; Providence Veterans Administration Medical Center Research Service, Providence, Rhode Island, USA.
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Źródło :
Journal of the American Geriatrics Society [J Am Geriatr Soc] 2021 Jul; Vol. 69 (7), pp. 1722-1728. Date of Electronic Publication: 2021 Feb 21.
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
MeSH Terms :
COVID-19*/blood
COVID-19*/diagnosis
COVID-19*/epidemiology
COVID-19*/prevention & control
SARS-CoV-2*/immunology
SARS-CoV-2*/isolation & purification
Skilled Nursing Facilities*/standards
Skilled Nursing Facilities*/statistics & numerical data
COVID-19 Serological Testing/*methods
Aged ; Aged, 80 and over ; Asymptomatic Infections/epidemiology ; COVID-19 Nucleic Acid Testing/statistics & numerical data ; Early Diagnosis ; Electronic Health Records/statistics & numerical data ; Female ; Health Services Needs and Demand ; Humans ; Male ; Prevalence ; Symptom Assessment/methods ; Symptom Assessment/statistics & numerical data ; United States/epidemiology
Czasopismo naukowe
Tytuł :
Development and clinical evaluation of a rapid antibody lateral flow assay for the diagnosis of SARS-CoV-2 infection.
Autorzy :
Li K; Lanzhou Yahua Biotechnology Ltd. Co, Lanzhou, China.
Tong C; Clinical Lab, Lanzhou Lung Hospital, Lanzhou, China.
Ha X; Clinical Lab, 940 Hospital of Joint Logistic Support, People's Liberation Army, Lanzhou, China.
Zeng C; Lanzhou Yahua Biotechnology Ltd. Co, Lanzhou, China.
Chen X; Lanzhou Yahua Biotechnology Ltd. Co, Lanzhou, China.
Xu F; Lanzhou Yahua Biotechnology Ltd. Co, Lanzhou, China.
Yang J; Lanzhou Yahua Biotechnology Ltd. Co, Lanzhou, China.
Du H; Lanzhou Yahua Biotechnology Ltd. Co, Lanzhou, China. .; Department of Medicine Biotechnology, Gansu Provincial Academic Institute for Medical Research, Lanzhou, China. .
Chen Y; Clinical Lab, Nanjing Gulou Hospital, Nanjing, China.
Cai J; Clinical Lab, Lanzhou Lung Hospital, Lanzhou, China.
Yang Z; Clinical Lab, Lanzhou Lung Hospital, Lanzhou, China.
Jiang Z; Pathogeny Biology Lab, Gansu Disease Control and Prevention Center, Lanzhou, China.
Chai D; Department of Medicine Biotechnology, Gansu Provincial Academic Institute for Medical Research, Lanzhou, China.
Zhang X; Department of Medicine Biotechnology, Gansu Provincial Academic Institute for Medical Research, Lanzhou, China.
Li X; Institute of Infectious Disease, The 1st Hospital, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, China.
Li J; Institute of Infectious Disease, The 1st Hospital, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, China.
Yao L; Institute of Infectious Disease, The 1st Hospital, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, China.
Pokaż więcej
Źródło :
BMC infectious diseases [BMC Infect Dis] 2021 Aug 23; Vol. 21 (1), pp. 860. Date of Electronic Publication: 2021 Aug 23.
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article
MeSH Terms :
Antibodies, Viral*
COVID-19 Serological Testing*
SARS-CoV-2*/immunology
COVID-19/*diagnosis
COVID-19 Testing ; Humans ; Recombinant Proteins
Czasopismo naukowe
Tytuł :
COVID-19 challenges and its therapeutics.
Autorzy :
Rehman SU; Department of Pharmacy, Abasyn University Peshawar, Pakistan.
Rehman SU; Department of Pharmacy, Abasyn University Peshawar, Pakistan. Electronic address: .
Yoo HH; Institute of Pharmaceutical Science and Technology and College of Pharmacy, Hanyang University, Ansan, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: .
Pokaż więcej
Źródło :
Biomedicine & pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine & pharmacotherapie [Biomed Pharmacother] 2021 Oct; Vol. 142, pp. 112015. Date of Electronic Publication: 2021 Aug 05.
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article; Review
MeSH Terms :
Antiviral Agents*/classification
Antiviral Agents*/pharmacology
COVID-19 Vaccines*/classification
COVID-19 Vaccines*/pharmacology
COVID-19/*drug therapy
SARS-CoV-2/*drug effects
COVID-19/classification ; COVID-19/complications ; COVID-19/prevention & control ; Drug Development/methods ; Drug Discovery/methods ; Drug Repositioning/methods ; Humans
SCR Protocol :
COVID-19 drug treatment
Czasopismo naukowe
Tytuł :
Trends in COVID-19 Testing and Positivity Rates from a Mobile Testing Program in the Phoenix Metropolitan Area.
Autorzy :
Lau CSM; Vincere Cancer Center, 7469 E. Monte Cristo Avenue, Scottsdale, AZ, 85260, USA. .
Johns J; Vincere Cancer Center, 7469 E. Monte Cristo Avenue, Scottsdale, AZ, 85260, USA.
Merlene S; Vincere Cancer Center, 7469 E. Monte Cristo Avenue, Scottsdale, AZ, 85260, USA.
Kanya S; Vincere Cancer Center, 7469 E. Monte Cristo Avenue, Scottsdale, AZ, 85260, USA.
Taber A; Vincere Cancer Center, 7469 E. Monte Cristo Avenue, Scottsdale, AZ, 85260, USA.
Melander D; Vincere Cancer Center, 7469 E. Monte Cristo Avenue, Scottsdale, AZ, 85260, USA.
Rodgers S; Vincere Cancer Center, 7469 E. Monte Cristo Avenue, Scottsdale, AZ, 85260, USA.
Prichard P; Vincere Cancer Center, 7469 E. Monte Cristo Avenue, Scottsdale, AZ, 85260, USA.
Shukla V; Vincere Cancer Center, 7469 E. Monte Cristo Avenue, Scottsdale, AZ, 85260, USA.
Pokaż więcej
Źródło :
Journal of community health [J Community Health] 2021 Dec; Vol. 46 (6), pp. 1221-1225. Date of Electronic Publication: 2021 Jun 11.
Typ publikacji :
Journal Article
MeSH Terms :
COVID-19*
COVID-19 Testing ; COVID-19 Vaccines ; Humans ; Pandemics ; SARS-CoV-2
Czasopismo naukowe

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